Before the Romans, and even before the Ptolemaic Greeks, Egypt was the land of Pharaohs. The Pharaoh or the king, was the ruler of all. "He or she was in theory the only landholder, the only priest, the only judge and the only warrior" , in ancient Egypt. In practice, he or she surrounded himself with ministers and officials who worked under the supervision of the vizier. This was how Egypt had been run for thousands of years, through several dynasties. Foreign groups had invaded, been driven back, and even conquered themselves by the Egyptians. The Greeks that had come under Alexander the Great, stayed and ruled Egypt with no outside influence from Greece. Egypt had almost always been ruled from the empire itself, never in absentia. That is until Julius Caesar and Rome came.
The Egyptians had lived, worked, and worshiped for two thousand years under the Pharaohs, being envied by their Mediterranean neighbors. "Even in antiquity the monuments of ancient Egypt aroused the universal admiration of Herodotus and other classical authors." Before the coming of the Romans, Egypt was a bustling center of agriculture, religion, and architecture. Throughout the Old, Middle... [continues]
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