Egypt and the Nile

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Land of the Nile

Egypt, the civilization created by a river. Just like other civilizations at the time, Egyptian civilization was started by a major river. By looking at history, one can see that Egypt is a country that has its entire foundation based on the Nile. The whole Egyptian civilization was created thanks to the river Nile. The Nile provided the people of Egypt with water for their crops and it stretched for thousands of miles bringing water to lands in Egypt that do not even receive a drop of rainfall annually. The ancient Egyptians were polytheistic. They believed in over one thousand gods.

Ancient Egypt was a highly agricultural society. But the land received almost no rainfall annually. Thanks to the River Nile, Egyptians had a steady source of water. The seasonal floods were highly predictable and made Egypt into a major agricultural empire. Ancient Egyptians were one of the earliest civilizations to practice large scale agriculture. To properly use the river Nile, the Egyptians created their own irrigation system which helped to expand the empire. As the civilization flourished, so did it’s people and culture. The Nile was inspiration for the Egyptian religion and culture. Most of the Egyptian arts follow a strict cannon. Usually the subjects of Egyptian art are Gods and Pharaohs. The Pharaohs were considered as gods themselves. The Egyptians worshipped their gods with so much passion. They believed that they could achieve immortality and be like gods themselves. Prominent Egyptians had tombs and they were embalmed. The body was mummified and the tomb contained items that the mummy would need in the afterlife. Some pharaohs’ tombs even contained large ships so that he could sale in the Nile for eternity. The Egyptian sunken relief of the God Horus, showcased in the Menil Collection displays the use of several different techniques used in ancient Egyptian Art. This sculpture can be compared to other Egyptian work like Ti’s hunt and also to...
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