Egypt and Mesopatamia Compare Contrast

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Lindsay Evans
AP World Euro Fourth Block
Friday August 27, 2010
Egypt and Mesopotamia Compare Contrast Essay
Ancient Mesopotamia went through many different empires that shared similar parts cultural traits, where as Egypt went through several different rulers, but only a few dynasties. Mesopotamia lied in between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, and its main empires existed from 1650 BCE to around 330 BCE. The ancient Egyptian empires went through four main phases: The Archaic Period (3100-2600 BCE), The Old Kingdom (2660- 2160 BCE), The Middle Kingdom (2200-1730 BCE), and The New Kingdom (1570-1130 BCE). These two civilizations were located in close enough proximity to trade, goods and ideas. Egypt and Mesopotamia branched off of the ideas relating to the farming economy they were both based on and the technology they both used, but they differed in the religions they believed in and the gender relations in the society. However the Egyptian civilization’s ideology and culture left a lasting impression today.

In ancient times most civilizations were formed on or around a river, ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were no exception to this rule, as they both were formed based on the economy. Like most civilizations of that time, the power of the people was held in the hands of the person in charge of the grain. In both Mesopotamia and Egypt, someone was appointed to be in charge of the grain and other agricultural products, on the other hand, the person in Mesopotamian culture that was in charge of the grain was usually a priest, and in Egypt it was usually an appointed official. City-states made up the Mesopotamian societies, and often neighboring empires invaded each other. Conversely, the Egyptian invaders were mostly from other areas of Africa rather than neighboring people. The reason behind the different types of invasion was due to the way the civilizations were split up. Egypt split in two, lower and upper Egypt, and Mesopotamia did not have definite...
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