A long time ago, Ancient Egypt was a civilization ruled by pharaohs. Egyptians did not call their ruler a pharaoh, though, before 1554 BC during the 18th dynasty. Before that, pharaoh meant "Great House" in Egyptian and referred to the palace of the king. It was later added to the pharaoh's name as part of his title. The pharaoh was the high priest of all temples, the head of law and administration, and the commander of the army. The Egyptians believed pharaohs were great people that were half-man and half-god. Since only the pharaoh and priests were allowed to enter temples, Ancient Egyptians had to ask the pharaoh to speak to the gods for them. This made the pharaoh very powerful in the minds of regular Egyptians! The Ancient Egyptians believed that the pharaoh's spirit could live for an eternity, which means forever. They believed that the pharaoh would become a god after he died, so pharaohs were buried in a tomb with many treasures which could be enjoyed in their Afterlife. Many of the statues of pharaohs have cobra heads on them. Pharaohs wore a cobra figure to protect them from evil. There were many different pharaohs, some woman and some men. They ruled Ancient Egypt for thousands of years there were about 170 pharaohs in all. Most Egyptologists, those are people who study ancient Egypt, think that Menes was the first pharaoh of Egypt, and they know that Cleopatra VII was the last.
Egyptian pharaohs wore ceremonial clothes. Many of the things that they wore or carried were symbols of their power and position in Egyptian society. However, the pharaoh is wearing a nemes crown in the head.The Nemes is a striped head cloth that covers the entire back of the head and neck. And the nemes crown is called a uraeus. The uraeus is an upright cobra. It means that the pharaoh is ready to strike at his enemies with venom at any time. The uraeus is the symbol of the ancient Egyptian goddess Wadjet Have you...