Egypet History

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Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt
A long time ago, Ancient Egypt was a civilization ruled by pharaohs. Egyptians did not call their ruler a pharaoh, though, before 1554 BC during the 18th dynasty. Before that, pharaoh meant "Great House" in Egyptian and referred to the palace of the king. It was later added to the pharaoh's name as part of his title. The pharaoh was the high priest of all temples, the head of law and administration, and the commander of the army. The Egyptians believed pharaohs were great people that were half-man and half-god. Since only the pharaoh and priests were allowed to enter temples, Ancient Egyptians had to ask the pharaoh to speak to the gods for them. This made the pharaoh very powerful in the minds of regular Egyptians! The Ancient Egyptians believed that the pharaoh's spirit could live for an eternity, which means forever. They believed that the pharaoh would become a god after he died, so pharaohs were buried in a tomb with many treasures which could be enjoyed in their Afterlife. Many of the statues of pharaohs have cobra heads on them. Pharaohs wore a cobra figure to protect them from evil. There were many different pharaohs, some woman and some men. They ruled Ancient Egypt for thousands of years there were about 170 pharaohs in all. Most Egyptologists, those are people who study ancient Egypt, think that Menes was the first pharaoh of Egypt, and they know that Cleopatra VII was the last.

Pharaoh Clothe:
Egyptian pharaohs wore ceremonial clothes. Many of the things that they wore or carried were symbols of their power and position in Egyptian society. However, the pharaoh is wearing a nemes crown in the head.The Nemes is a striped head cloth that covers the entire back of the head and neck. And the nemes crown is called a uraeus. The uraeus is an upright cobra. It means that the pharaoh is ready to strike at his enemies with venom at any time. The uraeus is the symbol of the ancient Egyptian goddess Wadjet Have you ever noticed that pharaohs always have a beard? This is called a false beard. In real-life, most Egyptian men were clean shaven, but pharaohs, even the female ones, wore fake beards. Usually the beards were plaited like a big braid. No one is really sure why the ancient Egyptian pharaohs did this, but it somehow connected the pharaoh to the gods. Moreover, the flail is a tool that helps to separate grains from their husks.

In addition, the fail symbolizes the pharaoh as the person who provided food for his people and the striped object with the pharaoh is called a crook. A crook was a tool used by shepherds to help gather and move their flocks of sheep.

Symbols of Pharaohs:

Ancient Egyptian pharaohs used many things to symbolize their power and leadership. The nemes crown that looks like a lion’s mane. The lion is strong and powerful. He is often called the king of the jungle! The uraeus features a venomous cobra about to strike! The crook, a tool of shepherds, shows that the pharaoh leads and protects his people. Moreover, the flail symbolizes the pharaoh’s role as the provider of food for his people.

Ancient Egyptian Math:

The ancient Egyptians had to be pretty good at math too! Think of all those pyramids, tombs, sphinxes, massive statues, and palaces that they were famous for building. You can’t make any of that stuff without mathematics. You also need math to trade goods and measure the land for planting crops.

Write like an Egyptian:

The ancient Egyptians developed a sophisticated and unique written language that called hieroglyphs. Hieroglyphs are pictures and symbols that stand for letter sounds, objects, and ideas. Some of pictures or symbols stand for a single sound. These kinds of symbols are called alphabetic. There are other symbols in Egyptian hieroglyphs that stand for the sound of a whole syllable. These kinds of hieroglyphs are called syllabic. Another kind of Egyptian hieroglyph is called a word-sign. A word-sign is a picture...
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