Understanding Health and Safety in the Workplace
There a lot of rules in place in any working environment to keep customers and workers safe at work. They vary from a wide range of rules that the company has to follow and it is essential for a company to comply with the rules to prevent accidents and then law suits. All types of companies and buildings need to follow these rules and will be looking at a manufacturing factory called Uniq and a service provider which is Radbrook College. Key Features;
* Health + Safety at work Act 1974 – This is the main feature of Health and safety at work. It is the basic understanding that companies have a duty of care to protect their employees and anyone that is connected to the business such as customers and visitors. They need to make sure anyone’s welfare is protected and that the company trains staff and keeps them under supervision to stay save at work. It is much more necessary for Uniq to revise these laws as they work in a lot more dangerous environment than at Radbrook College. There are employee duties to make sure that they complete the regulations in the act and make sure that they work in a safe area by cleaning up spillages for example. * Fire and Safety Regulations 1988 – In any building or property owned by the company there needs to be clear and designated fire points and fire doors. These routes need to be clear and will have yellow hatching on the floor around the exit to make sure it is not obstructed. Both of my companies need to follow these as it can be very dangerous and could cause closure to the building if not. They also need to have the correct fire equipment such as fire extinguishers in the right places and fire towels in the kitchen. There also needs to be fire alarms around both places. * Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 – This is another large section of health and safety and involves all the different types of substances that are used at any place. There must be clear instructions on the usage of it and if they are dangerous enough they must only be used by trained people. * Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 - This is to do with any lifting or moving of objects at a location and that any staff that has to do so is trained in it so they do not injure themselves doing it. This can be such things as lifting objects with the correct procedure or pulling cages of objects around. * Workplace Regulations 1996 – This is where the buildings that the companies operate in are in a suitable condition to work in. There is also things like kitchens having extractor fans in place and that there is no hazards that can potentially injure people like cut up carpet or a leak in a roof. This can also be like temperature of a room as at some factories such as Uniq they have chillers and they need to make sure that they are a suitable temperature. At places such as Uniq and Radbrook College they inform staff and students about potential hazards. At Uniq they have a specialist safety representative called Andrew who deals with all issues with Health and Safety such as training, procedures and evaluating any problems that arise. He must inform all staff when there is a potential hazard and actual hazards. This can be done via verbal communication through the management layers. At Radbrook College they have a person who comes in three days a week to do the same job as Andrew but also keep students informed about hazards and how to avoid and prevent injury. They can do this via tutorials and on Moodle or by signs by the hazards.
At Uniq there are a lot of different items which can be used to meet health and safety rules. These can be called PPE which stands for Personal Protection Equipment. Some are required and some are optional. In the table below there are examples of the different types of items that are used there, the first one is for Uniq Factory; Type of PPE
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