THE EFFICACY OF
IN MODERN ORGANISATIONS
OLATUNDE O. OLATEJU
B.SC. (HONS.) BUS. ADMIN, MBA, M. INF. SC; AMNIPM.
Today’s business environment is undergoing rapid changes due to the globalization of business, technological innovations, social and political change, and increased awareness and demands from customers. These changes result in a tough competitive environment in which many organization, private and public, must take measures to increase their productivity, quality of service, and competitive ability. The major driving force of many of the changes is information technology. This paper examines the information technology and information systems, objectives of information technology and the information technologies used in organization. Finally, it examines the various classifications of information system and it’s impact on the organization.
Today’s leading companies and organization have come to accept the important role information, in achieving desired objectives. Indeed, information has come to be accepted as the fifth factor of production, apart from land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship. Closely related to this fact is the emergence of information systems concept, which has created awareness for strategic use of information for new business management and development.
Information technology is being used as a competitive tool to manage information systems, forge new relationships with customers and radically change internal operations within an organization.
According to Robbins (1989), organization is “a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of new or more people, that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals” manufacturing and services firms clearly meet this definition, as do schools, hospitals, churches, military units, retail stores, police departments and local, state, and federal government agencies.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
WHAT IS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)?
Adeya (2001) stated that information technology (IT) encompass the broad fields of data / information processing, transmission and communication by the convergence of computer and telecommunication technologies. These converged technologies have become central to modern societies, affecting all aspect of modern life. Once we talk on phone, send mail, transact for banking, listing to news bulletin and even watch our clock for time to know we use ICTs.
According to Turban et al (1976), information technology (IT) refers to the technological side of an information system. It includes hardware, databases, software networks and other devices. As such it can be viewed as a subsystem of an information system. Federal Government of Nigeria (2001) sees IT in two perspectives. a) It means computer, auxiliary equipment, software, and firmware (hardware) and similar procedures, services (including support services) and related resources.
b) It means any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange transmission or reception of data or information. OBJECTIVES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)
It is pertinent to ex – ray the objective of IT as throws light on general roles on human endeavours. The following are some of the objectives of IT as enumerated by the Federal Government of Nigeria in its National Policy on information Technology of 2001. • To empower the youth with IT skills and prepare them for global competitiveness. • To build a mass pool of manpower
• To ensure that IT resources are readily available for efficient national growth. • To set up advisory standard for education, working practices and industry. • To...