Effects of the Columbian Exchange!
Once Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492, a new world was opened up to Europe. Europeans suddenly realized they weren’t the only civilizations in the world. They discovered new cultures, metals, foods, and products. Europeans exported and traded these products back to Europe and Africa. Soon they formed a triangular trade route called the Columbian Exchange. As the exchange spread new valuables and foods to Europe, European nations became quick to snatch up lands and resources that came with it. These new resources led to better the nutrition of the people and a steady population rise. But as populations and wealth increased inflation began to appear.
New foods and animals brought from the New World caused European living to improve and populations to rise. The Columbian Exchange transferred new, tropical foods to the Europeans. The new products provided more nutrients which improved the diets of the people. As well, more food was being imported into countries which let nations be able to feed more people. As malnutrition and starvation begun to diminish, European populations started to rise. For example, in Ireland the new world plant, potato, was adopted as a primary food source. The potato is full of carbohydrates, calories, vitamin A, and vitamin C. More people began to eat the potato, and their health began to improve. People begun to live longer, women didn’t die during birth, and people had enough food to eat. The Columbian Exchange proved to be excellent for the population of the European people. As more new food came into Europe populations began to skyrocket.
The rush of establishing markets, colonies, and find valuable resources led to a new economic policy of Mercantilism. Mercantilism was the belief that a nation’s power is dependent on how much gold and silver it had, and that there was a limited amount of this wealth in the world. Thus European nations fought to establish colonies to mine...
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