Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management
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Effects of Tourism on Residents' Quality of Life in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Study Tariq M. Khizindar
Department of Economics and Business Administration, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Accepted author version posted online: 24 Jan 2012.Version of record first published: 18 Jul 2012.
To cite this article: Tariq M. Khizindar (2012): Effects of Tourism on Residents' Quality of Life in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Study, Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 21:6, 617-637 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2012.627226
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Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 21:617–637, 2012 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 1936-8623 print/1936-8631 online DOI: 10.1080/19368623.2012.627226
Effects of Tourism on Residents’ Quality of Life in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Study TARIQ M. KHIZINDAR
Department of Economics and Business Administration, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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This article presents the ﬁndings of a research project that examines the effects of tourism on residents’ quality of life in Saudi Arabia and identiﬁes a set of key derivatives that could be affected by tourism. This article discusses four key dimensions that speciﬁcally deﬁne the scope of tourism: economic, social, cultural, and environmental, and with the analyses of empirical data from Saudi Arabia these dimensions are tested for their relationship with the broader demographic variables of Saudi Arabia. The data was collected through questionnaire from a sample of 775 local residents who lived in the Makkah region—the destination of Muslim pilgrims from all over the world. A simple regression and t-test analyses were carried out to examine the study hypotheses. The regression analysis showed that tourism had a fairly direct impact on the quality of life of the residents. The t-test analysis demonstrated that several demographic factors were signiﬁcantly related to the four dimensions of tourism. As such, this article provides a valuable examination of residents’ perceptions and their quality of life with regards to the scope of tourism development in the Makkah region. This study potentially contributes to future research in the fairly conservative societal and cultural context of tourism in Saudi Arabia, and provides key parameters for an improved understanding of tourism impacts, planning and policy-making for the tourism industry, and “sustainable” tourism marketing. KEYWORDS Saudi Arabia, tourism impact, quality of life, community perceptions Address correspondence to Tariq M. Khizindar, King Abdulaziz...