Effects of Terrorism on Israeli Society

Topics: Hamas, Israel, Terrorism Pages: 7 (2395 words) Published: March 10, 2008
Since its founding in 1948, Israeli society has been suffering from the multiple effects of terrorism. Unfortunately terrorism remains the number one problem of Israeli society. Although the Israelis have put measures in place to fight against terrorism they have not eliminated civilian deaths. Death is not the only problem associated with terrorism, though it is one of the main concerns. The Israeli economy and Israel's relations in the international community are also affected by its war on terrorism. Terrorism is a conscious formation of fear to bring about change. All terrorist acts involve violence or the threat of violence. Terrorism is commonly used to undermine confidence of the government and leadership of the targeted country and its people. The word "terrorist" originated in France during the French Revolution, which lasted from 1789 until 1799 (Hoffman 1). Terrorism is usually associated with acts against governments or political groups. Israel and France are not the ! only countries that suffer the acts and effects of terrorism. The United States of America was recently struck at its heart, shaking our feelings of safety. The US is now making strides to defeat terrorism along with its allies and other members of the United Nations (UN). Terrorist organizations attack civilians because they cannot overcome the Israeli Defense Forces (Tucker 1). Israel was founded on May 14, 1948 and has faced terrorist enemies such as from groups such as Hamas, Palestine Islamic Jihad and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. According to the Jewish Virtual Library, Hamas started out as a social welfare organization although it has developed into a group with its goals set high at destroying Israel and promoting Palestine ("Potential Threats" 1). According to the BBC News, Hamas recently formed the Palestinian government in March of 2006 (Patience 1). The Library also defined the Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ) as a group of Palestinian fundamentalists with similar goals as Hamas ("Potential Threats" 1). The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) was founded in 1967 by George Habash and has admitted they have been responsible for numerous terrorist attacks ("Potential Threats" 1). These Palestinian groups are so hostile towards Israel because it was declared a state where the Palestinians once resided. A majorit! y of Israel is Jewish, about 80.8% of the 5,716,000 people in 1996 according to Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics. The Muslims accounted as 14.6% of the population, a majority of them Sunni. A few other religions such as Druse and Christianity fill in the remaining percentage of the population (Blumberg xxxi). Since September 11, 2001 terrorism has received a tremendous amount of attention around the world. Terrorism in the 21st century is particularly noteworthy in its newest form, known as suicide terrorism. Suicide terrorism is defined as intentionally killing oneself for the purpose of killing others in the service of political or ideological goals by the National Institute of Justice. Suicide bombers are mostly religious extremists although some take up arms for different reasons (Tucker 1). Suicide terrorism has become an ever increasingly popular way to attack. There are many different ways for suicide terrorists to carry out their goal. In the case of the September 11! th attacks, terrorists hijacked planes. More frequently, s

uicide terrorists strap bombs to their bodies in a horrific display of martyrdom for their cause. Typically, suicide bombers are highly motivated and dedicate their own lives to fulfill a mission. Suicide attacks began in Lebanon in 1981 when a terrorist group called al- Dawa blew up the Iraqi Embassy (Hoffman 2). After the first demonstration of the catastrophic outcomes of suicide terrorism, there have not been shortages in this kind of deadly attack. At first, suicide terrorists were religiously oriented, militant young men from universities or mosques...
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