ANGLO-CHINESE SCHOOL (INDEPENDENT) English Language and Literature Department Poetic Devices and their Likely Effects Alliteration Gains reader’s attention through repetition of a consonant sound, appeals to the sense of hearing, emphasizes words, links lines, unifies stanzas (or the poem as a whole), and enhances flow of poem. Draws attention to particular words or lines through repetition of a vowel sound, appeals to the sense of hearing, enhances the development of the image created by the words. Links and unifies lines (and the poem as a whole), emphasizes words, adds fluency to the poem. Appeals to the audience’s sense of hearing, enhances imagery of poem, and develops an image (positive or negative) by creating a sound word. Creates a set of rhythm for the poem, enhances flow of poem and its appeal to audiences, e.g. iambic pentameter creates a steady rhythm which has been noted as being similar to natural speech. Emphasizes two lines, enables the poet to develop a theme or mood more clearly, can serve like the punch line to a riddle or the answer to a problem. Moves the narrative or description swiftly and sometimes casually into the next line. Depending on context, it could lead to a building up of a certain emotion like anger or a sense of urgency, and this could imbue the lines with a feeling of discomfort or anxiety. Conversely, the lack of punctuation markers could also convey a tripping, breathless, or rambling effect as like a person ruminating. Caesura Controls the rhythm and pace of a line. Creates a break or pause in the thought process, gives a sense of an interruption. With many caesurae within a line, it can create a staccato effect and also quickens the pace. A jerky effect could also suggest a sense of confusion or muddled ideas. Appeals to the 5 human senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste), creates a vivid word picture in the mind of the reader, evokes emotions, encourages audience response, develops themes. Makes a strong comparison by giving human qualities to an inanimate thing, emphasizes themes. The main purpose of personification is to explain, expand, and make images vivid. Presents an image by making a comparison, develops themes, highlights similarities between one thing and another, influences the audience’s view by presenting a positive/negative image, enhances imagery, creative to use figurative language instead of just literal language.
Draws attention to a point, conveys the poet’s tone, enhances the poet’s development of theme. The atmosphere conveyed in the poem, builds up tension, evokes emotions in the reader. Conveys the poet’s strength of feeling and enhances the poem’s mood. Not intended to be taken literally. It is used as a means of emphasizing the truth of a statement or to suggest an ironic exaggeration. Appeals to audience’s sense of humor, encourages depth of thought about a topic, draws attention to words or points, clever word play which makes the reader think. Develops imagery, encourages audience response, evokes emotions, presents messages related to themes, creative use of language or objects instead of literal language.
http://www.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/general/glossary.htm alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): a pattern of sound that includes the repetition of consonant sounds. Alliteration provides poem with a unique sound It can be used to audibly represent the action that is taking place. It can also be used to call attention to a phrase and fix it into the reader's mind; thus, it is useful for emphasis. For instance, in the Inferno, Dante states: "I saw it there, but I saw nothing in it, except the rising of the boiling bubbles" (261). The repetition of the "b" sounds represents the sounds of bubbling, or the bursting action of the boiling pitch. In addition, in Sir...