Effects of Globalization

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Effects of Globalization on Non-Western Cultures

Globalization of Non-Western countries have had great implications to their societies whether it is a positive or a negative effect, fortunately most of the effects are benefiting the population that it is being targeted. I am going to reference two different areas on the map that has had the help of the United States in their transition to towards a more developed country. First we will discuss Africa namely Uganda and Ghana and with the help of the United States was able to open up trade and technology to increase the level of lifestyle of the people. I will then discuss Afghanistan and the United States involvement in irrigation and drainage in the Helmand Valley to enable farmers’ ability to increase production of their harvest, but also the negative effect that they also had with the influx of poppy (heroin) production.

One of the main goals for the USAID involvement in Africa was to free up trade within underdeveloped countries such as Uganda and Ghana so that the impoverished people would have a better way of living, but to also ensure that the poorest of the people were also benefiting from their actions. From 1870-1914 the first wave of globalization occurred by opening up trade routes, decreasing import tariffs and decreasing the cost of transportation which in turn increased trade production (D.Stryker,May7,2003 pg4). After WWI this came to an end and protective and closed trade once again came into play. The second phase of globalization came into play between 1945 –1980 when the trade barriers were once again dismantled, but the increase in trade was not seen as it was before 1914 due to lack of labor force and capital flows (D.Stryker,May7,2003 pg4).

The third wave is currently in progress since the 1980’s and with Uganda and Ghana both of which have benefited by the trade barriers being removed and were able to increase the lifestyle of the people by increasing their income levels at...
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