Essential vitamins are necessary for human development in every stage of life. However, during fetal development a pregnant woman’s vitamin intake may mean life or death to her unborn child. A particular nutrient vital to fetal development is Folic acid, which is also known as folacin, or folate. This nutrient is essential for the prevention of anemia, since it is used to make the extra blood a woman’s body needs during pregnancy. Folic acid deficiency anemia is characterized by red blood cells that are larger than normal when referring to this type of anemia. The red blood cells are also deformed, and both their rate of production and their lifespan are diminished (Charlish and Holt 65). Folic acid anemia occurs most often in infants, adolescents, alcoholics, the elderly, pregnant and lactating females, and in those with malignant or intestinal diseases (66). In most cases when an infant develops this deficiency it is due to the mother’s modest intake of the nutrient during fetal development (67).
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(2009, 11). Effects of Folic Acid Deficiency on Prenatal Development. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 11, 2009, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Effects-Of-Folic-Acid-Deficiency-On-259992.html
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