REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The review of the literature for this study focuses on the effects of early marriage to the young people. The main problem about early marriage focuses on financial ones. Young couple is just depressed by their low income. Lack of proper education, inexperience & youth do not help the young to receive a large payment for the jobs they do. Some young people decide to get married even without any sources to existing. Usually young couple with low income faces a lot of problems. And with the help of their parents, they are able to survive without a good career or job. The reason for lack of money in a young family is not only a low income but also radiant expectations of the young. Teenagers think they will be able to buy all that things immediately while their parents have needed years for achieving such wealth. LOCAL STUDY
Marriage, as a fundamental social and cultural institution and as the most common milieu for bearing and rearing children, profoundly shapes sexual behaviors and practices. It is undeniable that early marriage is a controversial yet hot topic that gets the attention of the professionals across many fields such as economy, psychology and sociology. The age at first marriage variegates across the globe. Being married before the age of 18 has been a social norm in third world countries [refer to Appendix A]. The percentage of women being married before age 18 is estimated from 20 to 50 percent in average in developing countries (Joyce, et al., 2001). But then, developed countries are unlikely to experience the resembling pattern of matrimony. The marital union is normally delayed too long although this practice is believed to bring the most apparent reason for the breakdown in sexual ethics (Orsi, 2001). Out of its wealth and egoistic, western society chooses to marry later in life until they have built a decent maturity in age, education and financial state. I seriously don’t understand the urgency of getting married. I am just 22 and I think I am not physically, emotionally, mentally and socially ready to get married. My parents are pestering me with everyday saying that once they have the right match, they are marrying me off. And in all this I wonder if they’d ever like to know what my feelings and emotions regarding the marriage and the person I am going to marry are. I know the person who I am going to marry. I hate to be born in the community where it is necessary for the girls to get married at a terribly early age. One should believe in marriage as the immortality of soul. And not just a sudden and emphatic hitching. -Jain Palanca
I cannot stand when people get married to someone after a few months or even a year! Again, YOU DON’T KNOW ENOUGH ABOUT YOUR SIGNIFICANT OTHER IN THIS AMOUNT OF TIME TO KNOW THAT YOU WANT TO BE WITH HIM/HER FOREVER! I admit, I would have got married when I was 18 if Josh would have been stupid enough to ask me. I’m glad I didn’t. We would have never lasted and I can almost bet these relationships won’t either. A marriage is a COMMITMENT to your husband/wife that you will be with them your entire life! If you still can’t decide what you want for dinner tomorrow, YOU DON’T NEED TO GET MARRIED! And don’t just get married because you’re having a baby either. -Lovely Cupang
1. BRIEF OVERVIEW ON EARLY MARRIAGE IN AFRICA
1.1 What is the early marriage?
The term “early marriage” is used to refer to both formal marriages and informal unions in which a girl lives with a partner as if married before age of 18 (UNICEF 2005; Forum on Marriage and the rights of women and girls 2001). For UNIFPA (2006) Early marriage, also known as Child marriage, is defined as “any marriage carried out below the age of 18 years, before the girl is physically, physiologically, and psychologically ready to shoulder the responsibilities of marriage and childbearing.” Child marriage, on the other hand, involves either one or both...