Effects of Drought

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REPORT ON EFFECTS OF DROUGHT ON FARMERS IN KUNENE REGION
1. INTRODUCTION
This report has been written because of drought in Kunene region. This report was requested by Mrs. Liyamine (EAP lecturer) on 25 March 2013. The aim of this report is to find out the effects of drought on farmers in the region mention above. This report examines effects of drought on farmer’s livestock, foods and crop production, economy or income, children and education in Kunene region. Kunene region has a total population of 68735 based on 2012 survey conducted by national planning commission. People in Kunene region practice subsistence farming and their major farming activities are crop production and livestock production. The causes of this drought are too much rainfall and lower rainfall than what expected. Too much rainfall destroys farmers’ crops and natural vegetation. Lower rainfall lead to poor agricultural harvest, Drought can also be caused by change in the distribution of wearth. 2. FINDINGS ON EFFECT OF DROUGHT ON FARMES IN KUNENE REGION

2.1 FOODS AND CROP PRODUCTION
* As a result, families can no more depend on their maize field for food as they experience a decline in their maize production. * Rains are extremely variable in the west but still unreliable in the most rainfall favoured area so rain-fed crops farming is largely not practiced which lower down the production of food. * Food availabilities has decline in recent years.

* Caws no more produce enough milk.
2.2 LIVESTOCK
* Communal livestock farmers in Kunene region have also lost large number of livestock due to the drought. * Due to lower rainfall the region experience a shortage of water for their livestock. * Only non-poor and rich farmers who able to live from their livestock. * Fall in farmer’s livestock’s value.

* Make poor farmers sell their area of land at cheaper price * Fig.1 Lack of livestock food (taken from Republican newspaper) 2.3 ECONOMICALLY/INCAME
*...
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