Effect of Crime & Trauma
Crime victimization can affect people in a variety of ways. In addition to experiencing grief and loss due to the changes caused by crime, many people also experience anxiety, anger, difficulty making decisions, sleep troubles, relationship conflicts, and other effects.
It is quite normal to experience strong feelings and effects after experiencing crime victimization.
Explore the pages below for information on the effects of crime and trauma: Psychological Effects of Crime and Trauma: An overview of the psychological experience of crime and trauma. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An overview of the mental health diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Grief and Victims of Crime: Information about grief related to crime victimization.
Help Crime Victims
Advocacy is as old as humans. Any time we affirm the needs of people and facilitate meaningful services to them, we are advocating. You don’t need a license to do that.
Yet in 1984, Congress enacted the Victims of Crime Act (1984) that affirmed victims’ rights and services at a federal level and opened the door for the role of the professional of Crime Victim Advocate. Skill-based advocates can be paid as well as volunteer. While the salary status of the two positions can differ, both roles reflect significant training, experience and education necessary to meet the demands of helping victims address safety concerns, navigate the justice system and deal with the emotional impact of profound losses.
Victims of crime can have layers of needs that require a variety of skill-based competencies for Victim Advocates. These skills also relate to the specialized needs for various types of crime victims. Many states have victim assistance academies to provide basic training. Professionalization of the field has also resulted in academic degrees as well as the National Advocate Credentialing Program.
C a u s e s o f C r i m e
Society prepares the crime, the criminal commits it
" - Henry Thomas Buckle
By the twenty-first century criminologists looked to a wide range of factors to explain why a person would commit crimes. There are certain factors in our societies, cultures (family values), system (educational, political, law-enforcement...), economy, and so on that endorse the potential of criminal activities of an individual. Usually a combination of these factors is behind a person who commits a crime.
Reasons for committing a crime include greed, anger, jealously, revenge, or pride. Some people decide to commit a crime and carefully plan everything in advance to increase gain and decrease risk. These people are making choices about their behavior; some even consider a life of crime better than a regular job—believing crime brings in greater rewards, admiration, and excitement—at least until they are caught. Others get an adrenaline rush when successfully carrying out a dangerous crime. Others commit crimes on impulse, out of rage or fear. In this article I will discuss few root social causes of committing a crime and some methods of discouraging the choice of crime. I have chosen only social causes, because from my point of view people are good by default, only the social factors create the criminals. Root causes of committing a crime
1.Poor parenting skills
Children who are neglected or abused are more likely to commit crimes later in life than others. Similarly, sexual abuse in childhood often leads these victims to become sexual predators as adults.
Fatherlessness is also one of underestimated cause of crime. 2. Peer influence
A person's peer group strongly influences a decision to commit crime. For example, young boys and girls who do not fit into expected standards of academic achievement can sometimes become lost in the competition. Children of families who cannot afford adequate clothing or school supplies can also fall into the same trap. Researchers believe these youth may...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document