Effects of Colored Paper to the Mathematical Ability of Grade Iv Students

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“The Effects of Using Colored Paper on the Mathematical
Ability of Grade IV Students of Bancod
Elementary School
S.Y. 2011-2012”

Diane Claire P. Abutin
Arleth V. Barone

An experimental research presented to the faculty of the Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, College of Arts and Sciences, CvSU Indang, Cavite in Partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Psychology with contribution # ER6 prepared under supervision of Ms. Alma Fatima Reyes.

INTRODUCTION

Do you feel anxious in a yellow room? Does the color blue make you feel calm and relaxed? Artists and interior designers have long understood how color can dramatically affect moods, feelings and emotions. It is a powerful communication tool and can be used to signal action, influence mood and cause physiological reactions. Certain colors can raise blood pressure, increase metabolism or cause eyestrain.

Color provides us with much of our information concerning the world in which we live. Color is what we see or more important, what we think we see. (Nickerson, 2006)

According to Nickerson (2006), to experience color vision there must be some sort of receptor and response mechanism to receive and interpret light.

Color is light, which travels to us in waves from the sun, on the same electro-magnetic spectrum as radio and television waves, microwaves, x-rays etc. Light is the only part of the spectrum that we can see, which perhaps explains why we take it less seriously than the invisible power of the other rays. Sir Isaac Newton demonstrated that light travels in waves, when he shone white light through a triangular prism and, when the different wavelengths of light refracted at different angles; he was able to demonstrate that the colors of the rainbow (the spectrum) are the component parts of light.

When light strikes any colored object, the object will absorb only the wavelengths that exactly match its own atomic structure and reflect the rest - which is what we see. Turn this around and it is easy to understand how the color of anything is a clear indication of its atomic structure or, in simple terms, what it is made of. When light strikes the human eye, the wavelengths do so in different ways, influencing our perceptions. In the retina, they are converted into electrical impulses that pass to the hypothalamus, the part of the brain governing our hormones and our endocrine system.

Studies have also shown that certain colors can have an impact on performance. Exposing students to the color red prior to an exam has been shown to have a negative impact on test performance. More recently, researchers discovered that the color red causes people to react with greater speed and force, something that might prove useful during athletic activities.

Statement of the Problem

The main purpose of the study is to determine the effects of using colored paper on the mathematical ability of Grade IV Students of Bancod Elementary School S.Y. 2011-2012.

Specifically it sought to answer the following questions:

1. What is the mathematical ability of Grade IV students before using colored paper?

2. What is the mathematical ability of Grade IV students after using colored paper?

3. Is there a difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of the mathematical exam of Grade IV Students of Bancod Elementary School S.Y. 2011-2012?

Objectives of the Study

Generally, the study aimed to determine the effects of using colored paper on the mathematical ability of Grade IV Students of Bancod Elementary School S.Y. 2011-2012.

Specifically, this study aimed to:

1. Determine the mathematical ability of the Grade IV students before using colored paper.

2. Determine the mathematical ability of the Grade IV students after using colored paper.

3. Determine the difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of the math exam....
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