Effects of Alcoholism

Topics: Alcohol, Alcoholic beverage, Nervous system Pages: 4 (981 words) Published: May 4, 2013
Essay on Alcohol and its effects. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant- it slows down the body’s functions and its effects are similar to those of a general anaesthetic. Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is the active ingredient in all alcoholic drinks.

If you take any alcoholic beverage and remove the ingredients that give it taste and colour, you get ethyl alcohol. Remove the water from ethyl alcohol and you get ether.

Ether is an anaesthetic that works on the brain and puts it to sleep. The same symptoms surgical patient experiences under ether are those experienced by a person drinking alcohol.


Alcohol consumption is a learned behaviour- no one likes the taste of alcohol at first. People drink out of curiosity, because of custom (let’s “toast” the bride and groom), or o escape from an unpleasant feeling with a sense of well- being and euphoria. Alcoholics are perceived as being weak people or as having bad habits.

Alcoholism is the disease produced by the repeated misuse of ethyl alcohol. It is a Primary disease: it is not caused by some underlying psychological or moral flaw. It is a chronic disease: it does not go away with time. It is a Progressive disease: it does not improve as long as one continues to drink. It is a potentially Fatal disease, if the drinking is not interrupted.

A primary characteristic of an alcoholic is a loss of control- once an alcoholic starts to drink, he or she is not able to predict things or situations in a normal way.

There are at least 300,000 alcoholics in Australia and 1 person in 10 who drinks at all will become an alcoholic. 1,600,000 Australians are affected either personally, or within their family by abuse of alcohol.

Approximately 25% of people who drink alcohol have problems during their life.

Alcohol and the body

Once alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream, it is rapidly distributed throughout the body. It affects almost every cell, every organ, and every level of human...
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