Effectiveness of Peace and Order

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Barangay as defined in the Local Government Code of 1991 is “the basic political plans, programs, projects, and activities in the community, and as a forum wherein collective views of the people may be expressed, crystallized and considered, and where disputes may be amicably settled”. To a great extent, Local Government Code of 1991 has laid out the things that a barangay is authorized to implement in the exercise of its mandate to promote the welfare of its inhabitants.

All Government exist the social and economic services needed by the people such as benefits, free education, livelihood program, and most importantly, is their security and the protecting of their individual and community rights. Barangay, being the basic unit of the local government plays an important role in the development of our nation. The status of peace and order in a barangay illuminate that of the country, and as such, a peaceful barangay is a peaceful country. Peace and order helps in maintaining economic development, social order and political stability. Through the help of Government executive order, the peace and order for the country has been fully reorganized. The Peace and Order Council has reorganized on the national, regional, city, and municipal levels of government. Law created for the barangay peace and order committees are Executive Orders 366 further amending Executive order 309, series of 1987 entitled “Reorganizing the Peace and Order Council. As amended by Executive Order 320, series of 1988 and Executive Order 20, series of 1992 and organizing the Barangay Peace and Order Committees as the implementing arm of the city/municipal POC at the barangay.

The Barangay Peace and order are composed of the Punong Barangay as the Chairman, an SK Chairman, a member of Lupong tagapamayapa to be designated by the Punong Barangay, A Barangay Tanod also be designated by the Punong Barangay, At least three (3) members of existing barangay based anti-crime or neighborhood watch groups or an NGO representative well-known in the community, and a PNP Officer to be designated by the Chie of Police of the city. Punong Barangay can appoint an additional sectoral member in the committee depending on the situation and needs in the area of the Punong Barangay in his capacity as a Chairman of the Barangay Peace and Order may appoint additional sectoral representative to such committee. The city/municipal and barangay government shall appropriate the necessary funds for the operation of Barangay Peace and Order Committee from any available local funds.

There are functions Barangay Peace and Order Committee must perform, first is to monitor and coordinate the implementation of peace and order programs and projects at the barangay level, second is to serve as an information gathering mechanism, monitoring and checking the nefarious activities of criminal elements is their another duty. They must also identify barangay constituents with strong deviant behavior for referral to appropriate authorities, they have to maintain continuing dialogue, close coordination and rapport with the higher levels of the peace and order and public safety councils in their area of responsibility. They have to monitor, coordinate and supervise the operation of all community-based anti-crime movements within the barangay, make periodic assessment of the prevailing peace and order situation in their respective areas of responsibility and submit report with appropriate recommendations to the higher level Peace and Order Council, and perform such other functions, which may be assigned by the higher level peace and order councils. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

From then to our present day, it shows that our country has made up with Leaders taking responsibility in disciplining their land. Barangay came from the Malayan word “Balangay” which means a plank boat adjoined by a carved-out planks edge through pins or dowels. Before we have someone called Chairman,...
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