Effectiveness of Basil Plant for Urinary Tract Infection

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BASIL ( Ocimum Basilicum Lamiaceace ) PLANT FOR URINARY TRACT INFECTION INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
The care of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a common costly problem in acute care and home care population. Many therapies have been made for the treatment. Despite this, the patient still suffer from pains when urinating and the financial burden.

In the locality, Urinary Tract Infection was commonly experienced among teenagers due to lifestyle and diet. Nurses in the community are the first line health care givers and are sanctioned by the Department of Health to render independent measures to alleviate health problem. The use of herbal plants such as basil does not entail the use of pharmaceutical drugs. Basil as an alternative oral medication has an anti-bacterial agent, which can help promote healing. And because of this, the complications that may arise are unlikely to happen.

Based on the observations with staff nurses, who have taken care of patients with Urinary Tract Infection, antibiotic were used to treat. The use of synthetic drugs in treating Urinary Tract Infection was proven effective. However, if the patient is financially incapable of buying the prescribed antibiotic therapy for the treatment, water therapy was simply used. If not treated, they respond to antibiotics being prescribed, there is a progression of renal infection and it has a greater chance to be colonized with microorganism. It may become chronic, and maybe resistant to many antibiotics.

The use of antibiotics as a treatment is very costly. Oral antibiotics may not be healing. Because of this, the researches with great interest would like to study the therapeutic effectiveness of Basil as an oral treatment and an adjunct treatment of Urinary Tract Infection. The study of Basil herb used as a cure for UTI has been proposed to help the indigenous people of Mountain Province due to lack of facilities on selected locations. Basil is a plant that can be produced on simply planting it on your backyard garden.

Due to presence of agricultural locations, Basil plant can be planted on all locations on Mountain Province. Basil is a weather sensitive plant; Mountain province can provide both good soil and good weather for cultivation.

Basil grows to between 30–130 cm tall, with opposite, light green, silky leaves 3–11 cm long and 1–6 cm broad. The flowers are small, white in color and arranged in a terminal spike. Basil is very sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry conditions. It behaves as an annual if there is any chance of a frost.

Basil is one of the oldest herbal medicines. In 1989, an editorial in the Journal of Royal Society of medicine expressed the opinion that “the time has come to lift the blinds of their “traditional remedy” and to give its due recognition.” A priority at the present time is to provide evidence of the effectiveness and safety such as using Basil as an alternative to conventional form of treatment for Urinary Tract Infection.

It is in this light that the researchers intend to determine the effectiveness of basil as an oral treatment on Urinary Tract Infection. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
On UTI
In 1983, a study of the clinical features of nosocomial infections at Santo Tomas University Hospital (STUH) was done by Alora and Manaloto. A Committee on Hospital Infection Control (CHIC) was formed thereafter. It has been active in nosocomial infection surveillance and in the education of personnel with the hope of reducing the likelihood of patients developing nosocomial Infection. Two- year surveillance was performed at Santo Tomas University Hospital (STUH) from June 30, 1989 to update the local nosocomial infection statistics. A total of 58,541 patients were admitted during this period and nosocomial infections were noted on 556 occasions from 470 patients. The incidence of nosocomial infection at STUH is 9.5/1000 patients and 1.18 infections per patient with nosocomial...
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