Effective ways to foster learning
Luther H. Graham III
The article written by Jialin Yi was about effective ways to foster learning. The article was written in January of 2005. According to Yi, learning is viewed as an object or a process; some view it as both of them. Throughout the article Yi talks about the three instructional means used to foster learning ends. These three methods are: problem-based learning, cooperative learning, and situated learning. Most of these instructional methods include three components: the directed outcome, learning activities, and methods of evaluation. Learning is a process of acquiring knowledge. According to Yi’s article learning is a process of developing new knowledge and skills and finally improving individual and organizational performance.
Yi discusses adult learners and how they learn compared to the way children learn. Instructional methods are meant to improve adult learners’ knowledge and skills. There is no boundary between the way that adults and children learn, but many educators will disagree with that statement. Adults seem to be more self-directed, goal oriented, task and problem centered. Adults experience more diversity and are intrinsically motivated. According to Ertmer and Newby, knowledge is a function of how the individual creates meaning from his or her own experiences. Yi then covers ways to foster learning in the corporate world. In today’s society it is vital that employees are able to think creatively, solve problems, work in teams, and make shared decisions. The author talks about ways to improve the employee’s professional skills by improving they’re learning of problem solving, interpersonal, cooperative, and technical skills. These are skills that employees should have in order to help the company that they work for succeed. As a boss, it is important to have competent employees that are willing to learn and make a impact on the company. Nobody wants to see a company go bankrupt, so they need employees that know what they are doing. Yi believes that there are three methods of instructional means to foster learning ends. These three methods are problem-based learning, cooperative learning, and situated learning. The next thing that Yi points out is that there are three components in instructional methods. These three methods are: desired outcomes, learning activities, and methods of evaluation. Each of these components is present in the three instructional methods.
The first of the three methods of instruction that Yi talks about is problem-based learning. Problem-based learning has been applied to many corporate settings. The most crucial part of problem-based learning is that problems drive learning. The point of problem-based learning is that the learners are given real workplace problems without knowing the content of the problem. Problem-based learning helps the learner develop critical-thinking skills, self-directed learning skills, and problem-related knowledge. This kind of learning may confuse the learner, but the point is to help them learn on their own through real world situations. One of the many reason firms’ use problem-based learning is because it is consistent with constructivist instructional design principles. Constructivists believe in problem-based learning because it pushes the learner to go beyond the information given. People whether in school or the workplace need to be challenged. They should be expected to take the information they are given and go the next step with it. The third and final reason why firms use problem-based learning is based on the fact that adults’ learn knowledge and skills with the intention of using it. Adults take the new knowledge that they learn and they use it in future situation. Where there are pros there are also cons. Problem-based learning does not guarantee that the learner develops problem-solving skills. Employees...