Effective Thinking

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Chap-5 Effective Thinking

A) Criteria for assessing and selecting thinkers:
1. Originality of ideas
2. Impact of ideas
3. Presentation style
4. Written communication
5. Loyalty of followers
6. Business sense
7. International outlook
8. Rigour of research
9. Accessibility
10. The guru Factor

“I think, therefore I am”
- Rene Descartes
B) Thinking: Meaning & nature
• We exist because we think. Prominent sign of a human life is thinking. Whether awake or asleep we are thinking consciously or unconsciously. • Thinking is a mental processing of information. It can take many forms like daydreaming, fantasizing, reasoning and problem solving. • It is an internal mental process that uses data or information as input, integrates that information into previous learned material and the end results in either knowledge or nothing. • It may voluntarily or involuntarily. An individual may not keeping thinking all the time, there are moments when deliberately ideas keep flowing in his mind or subconsciously he things about certain happening or event. • Conscious or voluntary thinking may result into voluntary or deliberate action. But involuntary thinking may not result into action. • Cultural, biological and environmental experiences mould an individuals thinking pattern. It also helps an individual adapt to his social and physical environment. • Just thinks is not sufficient mere thinking gives no results well organized thinking is required. An individual needs to systematically train his brain to achieve the required result. Systematic thinking acts like a filter.

C) Thinking styles:
• A style is the way an individual thinks. It is not ability but a preferred way of using the ability one has. • According to American Psychologist Robert Sternberg
Human mind functions in a way that is similar to...
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