The adoption of strategies for effective reading is crucial to the attainment of educational goals and objectives. A reading process entails the analysis of the content from a wide variety of materials such as textbooks, academic journals and lecture notes. Effective reading ensures that student retains an appropriate percentage of the content read to facilitate the attainment of academic goals. Before one starts to read, it is important to set goals concerning a reading task, identify the purpose of reading, and determine ideas and concepts relating a topic of interest. These three steps effectively prepare a student to commence reading. Effective learning should incorporate strategies to connect pieces of information during reading. Strategies that sustain an effective reading process address issue of elaboration. Analyzing the structure of reading materials gives a student an overview of the content of a reading material and is crucial in the setting of reading goals. Elaboration helps a student to grasp key ideas during reading by connecting them to prior knowledge (McWhorter et al., 2007). Elaboration strategies include the highlighting of different sections in a reading material for purposes of comparison. In addition, elaboration entails writing of summaries, which enable the student to filter out redundant information. Referring to prior knowledge during reading provides a student with a foundation to expand ideas obtained from new reading materials. For example, prior knowledge on the relationship between countries will help a student in analyzing conflicts that occurred during a particular era. A student should have appropriate organizational strategies that create a framework to facilitate synergy between diverse concepts and materials after the reading process. Organizational strategies include concept maps and outline which facilitate the connection of different ideas and concepts obtained during active reading.
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