NUR/492: Leadership and Management
July 9, 2012
Instructor: Janet Bailie
Effective Leadership and Management in Nursing
Leadership and management are essential to any health care organization, balancing patient care, employees, physicians, and the organization. Nursing is founded on interpersonal relationships. As a people-oriented profession, nursing leadership styles are influenced by humanism. The mission, attitude, and behaviors of a health care organization begins with its leadership, which creates the direction and purpose of the organization. The purpose of this paper is to differentiate between leadership and management, describe views of leadership, and explain the characteristics of an effective leader. Leadership and Management
Leadership and management are used interchangeably; however, distinct differences between the two exist. Leadership is defined as setting the direction for change; facilitating innovative practice, ensuring polices are up-to-date and professional standards are set in relationship to care (Feltner, Mitchell, Norris, & Wolfle, 2008). Leadership influences the processes within an organization, the essence of leadership is the ability to influence others. Leaders establish the purpose of the organization, whereas managers carry out the established purpose (Azaare & Gross, 2011). Management includes the process of planning, organizing, coordinating, and directing the work of employees to accomplish the task at hand more efficiently. Managing involves communicating and controlling the use of information to manage the work of others, leading people to take action, and taking supervisory actions (Sullivan & Decker, 2009). Views of Leadership
Leadership is motivating others to achieve a higher standard. Nursing leaders encourage and motivate nurses to improve patient outcomes with exceptional nursing care, seek further education, and implement evidence-based...