ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)
Vol 3, No 7, 2012
Effective Communication: A Tool for Improvement of Secondary School Management
Dr. O. P. Akinnubi1*, C. O. Gbadeyan2, Dr. C. O. Fashiku3 and D. J. Kayode2 1Department of Educational Management, College of Education, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria 2Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria 3Department of Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria *E-mail of Corresponding Author: email@example.com
Communication remains a unique instrument that integrates management functions in an organization. This explains why communication is inevitable and indispensable in the school system for effective management. This paper examined how communication aids managers of secondary schools in carrying out their duties effectively. Meaning and avenues of communication as well as communication flow were discussed. Road blocks to communication and active listening as a means of promoting a closer, more meaningful relationship between the staff and students towards school improvement were considered. It was concluded that communication is an important ingredient and vital instrument in any given organization and a good school principal should bear in mind that the success of the school is determined by his effective management of the school. It was also recommended, among others, that the channel of communication needs to be modern, effective and as personal as possible if management of large organizations such as the school is to maintain close ties with teachers and encourage maximum performance. Keywords: Effective Communication, Improvement of Secondary School, Management 1. Introduction
In any organization, formal or informal, effective communication leads to effective management which aids achievement of organizational goals. Effective personnel management is a function of effective communication as management involves working with and through others to achieve corporate goals. The realization of the goals of a secondary school as an educational organization hinges on effective communication among the various operating personnel. The basic function of education itself relies almost entirely on communication. A school manager cannot organize his staff, coordinate and control their activities as well as delegate responsibilities without effective communication (Ijaiya, 2000). Communication helps to build relationships and facilitates achievement of goals. Thus the need for effective communication strategies for the improvement of a secondary school cannot be overemphasized.
Communication is derived from the Latin word “communicare” which means “to put in common” and “to share”. It then means the sharing of ideas, facts, thought and feelings for easy coexistence. It is a two way process which involves the sender and the receiver. Communication is, therefore, concerned with transmitting and receiving information which is the key to all aspects of organizational life, whether by planning, controlling, problem-solving, decision-making, motivating, interviewing and other management activities. 2. Purpose of the Study
The purposes of this paper are to: identify the concepts of communication as related to the school system, depict the place of communication in the functions of a school manager, show the importance of communication in secondary school management, examine road blocks to communication and give recommendations on how communication can enhance effective school management.
3. Concept of Communication
Concepts are the basic ideas or facts about an event or phenomenon. Communication as a concept simply means the basic ideas and facts about the transmission of messages from one person or group of people to another. That is, passing the information within the school system for effective...