Effect of Urbanization on Health

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Urban Health in Uttar Pradesh: Challenges and Opportunities

Presented in Workshop on Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health Scenario in the Slums of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh: Implications for Programme and Policy 14th April’09, New Delhi April 09, By Dr. Gajraj Prasad Add. Director, MCH Directorate of Family Welfare Government of Uttar Pradesh

Outline
Growing Urbanization and Urban Poverty in Uttar Pradesh Health related Problems among Urban Poor Barriers limiting access to MCH care Upcoming opportunities i Utt U i t iti in Uttar Pradesh

Growing urbanization and urban  poverty in Uttar Pradesh

Growing Urban Poverty in Uttar Pradesh Growing Urban Poverty in Uttar Pradesh • Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India, is also urbanizing rapidly. • Urban population of Uttar Pradesh will increase from 4.1 b l f d h ll f crore1 in 2008 to 6.7 crore in 20262. • An estimated 1.17 crore comprising 30.6 percent of the state’s urban population is poor3. • Uttar Pradesh houses the largest number of urban poor in a single state4. • Public Health efforts in UP need to take care of an estimated: • 340,0005 annual pregnancies among urban poor • 3.3 lakh6 annual births among urban poor • 11.7 lakh7 children under-5 among urban poor 1-Projections for 2008 by Technical Group on Population Projections 2-Census, 2001 population, Projections, 2001-26 3 Poverty 3-Poverty Estimates 2004-2005 and 1999-2000 2004 2005 1999 2000 4-Report on State of Urban Health in Uttar Pradesh, UHRC: 2006 5- Based on NFHS-3 reanalysis by wealth quintiles; UHRC 2008 6-Based on CBR 28.2 for urban poor population in UP and 1.17 crore urban poor population 7 - Based on NFHS-3 reanalysis by wealth quintiles; UHRC 2008

L l f U b i ti A Di t i t i Utt P d h Level of Urbanization Across Districts in Uttar Pradesh

6 largest Cities in Uttar Pradesh 

Health related problems among  urban poor

Health Related Problems among Urban Poor
Urban poor suffer much poorer health status and...
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