“Effect of Transactional v. Transformational Leadership on the Employee attitude”
Aleema Shuja (BBA-SP09-009)
Aleena Shuja (BBA-SP09-010)
Ayesha Amin (BBA-SP09-024)
Fahad Afzal Cheema (BBA-SP09-033)
Hannan Zaheer (BBA-SP09-051)
Muhammed Adeel Sarwar (BBA-SP09-078)
Table of Contents
Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Inventory of variables:
Relationship and direction of variables:
Independent Variable: Leadership Styles
Dependent variable: Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Purpose of study:
Types of Investigation:
The topic under consideration for the research study is “Effects of Transformational v. Transactional Leadership Style on the Organizational Citizenship Behavior”. First of all, we should have knowledge about each variable under consideration. Therefore brief introduction of each variable is described below.
The concept of transformational leadership was initially introduced by leadership expert and presidential biographer James Mac Gregor Burns. According to Burns, transformational leadership can be seen when “leaders and followers make each other to advance to a higher level of moral and motivation." Through the strength of their vision and personality, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions and motivations to work towards common goals.
Later, researcher Bernard M. Bass expanded upon Burns original ideas to develop what is today referred to as Bass’ Transformational Leadership Theory. According to Bass, transformational leadership can be defined based on the impact that it has on followers. Transformational leaders, Bass suggested, garner trust, respect and admiration from their followers.
The major components of Transformational Leadership are as follows:
• Intellectual Stimulation: The leader encourages followers to explore new ways of doing things and new opportunities to learn.
• Individualized consideration: Transformational leadership also involves offering support and encouragement to individual followers.
• Inspirational motivation: These leaders are able to help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill the goals.
• Idealized influence: The transformational leaders serve as a role model for followers.
Working for a Transformational Leader can be a wonderful and uplifting experience. They put passion and energy into everything. They care about you and want you to succeed. They usually build the vision, sell the vision, and find the way forward and leading the charge.
Transformational Leaders are often charismatic, but are not as narcissistic as pure Charismatic Leaders, who succeed through a belief in themselves rather than a belief in others.
One of the traps of Transformational Leadership is that passion and confidence can easily be mistaken for truth and reality. Whilst it is true that great things have been achieved through enthusiastic leadership, it is also true that many passionate people have led the charge right over the cliff and into a bottomless chasm. Just because someone believes they are right, it does not mean they are right. Paradoxically, the energy that gets people going can also cause them to give up. Transformational Leaders often have large amounts of enthusiasm...
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