Effect of Peperomia Pellucida on Blood Pressure Among Pre-Hypertensive Individuals

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For years, hypertension has been one of the reason of mortality in the Philippines. Despite the efforts of the government in lowering cases of hypertension in the country, it continued to rise. Black, et al (2009), simply stated, arterial hypertension is high blood pressure. It is defined as a persistent elevation of the systolic blood pressure (SBP) at a level of 140 mm Hg or higher and a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at a level of 90mmhg or lower. According to Kozier (2008), normal systolic blood pressure is 120 mm Hg and the normal diastolic blood pressure is 80 mm Hg. A systolic blood pressure of 120-139 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mmHg is considered Pre-Hypertensive. A systolic blood pressure of 140-159 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 90-99 mmHg is considered Hypertensive Stage 1 and a systolic blood pressure of >160 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of >100 mmHg is considered Hypertensive Stage 2. In addition, according to Gould (2007), men are more likely to have high blood pressure than women until age of 55. The World Health Organization (WHO) (2012) asserted that hypertension causes 7 million deaths every year while 1.5 billion people suffer due to its complications. Furthermore, it is also noted that one-third of the population, all over the world, consisting of adults are considered to be "pre-hypertensive", having elevated blood pressure but are not taking any medications. In the Philippines, Morales (2012) stated that 21% of Filipino adults are hypertensive. Recent results of the National Nutrition and Health Survey (NNHeS II) and Food and Nutrition Research institute (FNRI) (2009) showed that more Filipinos have hypertension, high fasting blood sugar, and high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and other lifestyle-related diseases. They found out that one in every four Filipino adults (25.3 percent) has hypertension or a blood pressure (BP) reading equal to or...
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