FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ON PUPILS’
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IBADAN, NIGERIA
Odeleye, D.A., Okunola, O.M. & Akinnola, F.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgPhone: +234-8060162719
The study examined the effect of MDGs/NTI capacity building workshops for primary school teachers on pupils’ academic performance in Ibadan South/West Local Government area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Quasi – experimental research design was employed while Students’ Achievement Test (SAT) was used by the researcher to collect data. The study revealed that there is significant difference in the academic performance of pupils taught by teachers who participated in the MDGs/NTI capacity building workshops and pupils taught by teachers who did not participate in the workshops. The researcher recommended intensified and frequent workshops, seminars and similar re-training programmes for teachers in order to achieve educational goals.
Key Words: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Capacity Building Workshops, Pupils Academic Performance.
The problem of development is of paramount concern to scholars, activists, politicians and organizations both at local and international levels. The general belief is that sustainable development will bring about positive change visible in ability of people to acquire their basic necessities of life such as food, clothing and shelter. Added to this is increased access to material, physical and intellectual resources. Again, enhanced access to education, equal participation in governance irrespective of gender, socio-economic or religious background, employment opportunities and on the whole, improvement in people’s standard of living, freedom of choice and dignity are all indices of development. However, the condition of the world today is that many countries are underdeveloped with precarious indices. Otive (2006) asserted that more than 1.2 billion people or about 20% of the world population lives on less than US $1 per day. In most of these countries, wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few people. Nigeria, for example, was among the richest 50 countries in the early 1970s. It is sad to mention that the country has retrogressed to become one of the 25 poorest countries at the threshold of the 21st century. Human Development Report as cited in Akingbade (2008) reported that Nigeria is only better off than 26 countries in the measurable Human Development Indices (HDI) and by implication in the quality of life of the citizenry. According to him, the major indices considered in the ranking include: economic performance such as Gross Domestic product (GDP), Gross National Product (GNP) and per capita income, life expectancy, literacy rates, water, nutrition and sanitation status, health risks and technology diffusion and use. It is notorious that life expectancy in Nigeria is as low as 51, that about two thirds of its citizens are poor, that the economy is still largely import dependent and unemployment soar at two digits level. All these are clear indications of low level of development in the country.
THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs)
The need to address the problem of poverty and promote sustainable development brought about the introduction of the MDGs. The United Nations Millennium Declaration was adopted in September, 2000 at the largest ever gathering of heads of states (both rich and poor countries). Essentially, the MDGs was adopted to bridge the developmental gap between the industrialized and the third world countries of the world. Adaka and Dabo (2008) opined that the MDGs is meant to address the problem of inequality, neglect, exploitation and oppression of the people of the under-developed nations globally so as to achieve poverty reduction and sustainable development with equity. The MDGs came up with eight clearly defined targets. The eight main targets as reported by Olive (2006) are: 1.Eradicate...