Effect of Different Music Genres on the Mind

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Individual Research Project
FIRST-HAND INVESTIGATION
BIOLOGY

The Effect of Different Music Genres on the Human Mind:

* Concentration
* Spatial Reasoning
* Short-Term Memory
* Reaction Time

Timothy Yee Joy

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Why I chose this topic ............................................................................3

Summary of Prior Research......................................................................4

Appendix of Research and Assessment of Reliability .............................6

Prior Analysis of Experiment:

Range of Possible Procedures & Justification of Chosen Method...........7

Discussion of validity in Chosen method.................................................13

Assessment of variables and control........................................................15

Safety and Hygiene Considerations..........................................................17

Why I chose this topic?

Whilst many of my peers chose such topics as “The effect of propellers on velocity of an aircraft” and “The best water filtration method,” I decided to take a different approach to my selected topic for my first-hand investigation. I wanted to spend the next 3 months investigating not only a topic which interested me, considering my demographics, but one which also was relevant to my age group and that would benefit me in the knowledge I gained from this experiment. I wanted to take a more creative approach to my Individual Research Project.

I undertook a survey of 50 of my peers asking them the following questions:

Yes| 27|
No| 23|
Question 1: Do you listen to music while completing homework and/or studying?

Yes| 41|
No| 9|
Question 2: Do you listen to the radio in your car?

After observing these results, I could come to a conclusion that a large proportion of students in my age group listen to music while completing homework or studying. The question arose in my mind if music actually has an effect on a teenager’s mind. If so, would it be negative or positive? And would the genre have an influence on the effect? I wanted to research how different music genres affected my learning, particularly in regards to memory (when studying and remembering information), concentration (when aiming for accuracy and efficiency in completing homework) and conceptual reasoning.

Another sub-part of my experiment would also be the effect of music on reaction time. My interests were aroused after studying reaction time in car accidents and the influences on it in science class (relating to Newton’s Laws of Physics). I was curious to investigate if different music genres had an effect on our reaction time in a car accident, considering that so many people listen to radios in cars.

So as you can observe, I have chosen this topic because it affects and is relevant to me and my peers, and I would like to investigate how different music genres affect my concentration and memory when studying, and how music affects drivers’ reaction time to an accident, as I will soon be eligible to drive at the age of 16. Before I conduct my experimenting, I will first undergo research in this field on relevant information to further strengthen my knowledge of the topic and providing me with background knowledge and information to base my experiment around.

Summary of Prior Research into my topic:

Through research, music is found to have a significant effect on the process of learning and thinking. It is shown that if work is accompanied by quiet and soothing music, it helps the listener think, analyse and work faster in a more efficient manner. Furthermore, music develops a positive attitude in the listeners and provides them with motivation to complete the task. Research has shown that music brings about remarkable improvements in one’s academic skills

It is proven that listening to any kind of music helps build music-related pathways in the brain,...
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