The word terrorism was first used in France to describe a new system of government adopted during the French Revolution (1789-1799). From that time on, terrorism has had a decidedly negative connotation. The word, however, did not gain wider popularity until September 11, 2001, when Osama Bin Laden masterminded a terrorist attack on United State Terrorism is the deliberate creation and exploitation of fear for bringing about political change. All terrorist acts involve violence or—equally important—the threat of violence. These violent acts are committed by non-states armed actors Terrorists attempt not only to sow panic but also to undermine confidence in the government and political leadership of their target country. Terrorism is therefore designed to have psychological effects that reach far beyond its impact on the immediate victims or object of an attack. .
Terrorism as a political act
Terrorism is by nature political because it involves the acquisition and use of power for the purpose of forcing others to submit, or agree, to terrorist demands. A terrorist attack, by generating publicity and focusing attention on the organization behind the attack, is designed to create this power. It also fosters an environment of fear and intimidation that the terrorists can manipulate
Causes of Terrorism
Terrorism has occurred throughout history for a variety of reasons. Its causes can be historical, cultural, political, social, psychological, economic, or religious—or any combination of these. Some countries have proven to be particularly susceptible to terrorism at certain times, as Italy and West Germany were during the 1970s.
Characteristics of Terrorism
Planning and organization: All terrorists share one characteristic: They never commit actions randomly or senselessly. Every terrorist wants an attack to generate maximum publicity because media attention helps achieve the intimidation needed for terrorism’s success. Target of Terrorism: Terrorism often targets innocent civilians in order to create an atmosphere of fear, intimidation, and insecurity. Some terrorists deliberately direct attacks against large numbers of ordinary citizens who simply happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Weapons of terrorism: Bombing historically has been the most common terrorist tactic. Terrorists have often relied on bombs because they provide a dramatic, yet fairly easy and often risk-free, means of drawing attention to themselves and their cause. Some of these weapons include (a) Bombs.
(c) Chemical and Biological weapons
The Act of terrorism in Nigeria
For us in Nigeria what appears to be an act of terrorism can be traced to the October 1st bomb blast at the eagle square in Abuja .Today it has taken a new dimension. Nigeria as a nation is now at the mercy of a terrorist religious group kown as Boko Haram. Just as if planned in rapid succession between October 2010 till now, we have had more than 25 explosions at different times to tell us that the issue of terrorism is very well alive with us. The use of terrorism for political reason is a serious threat to international peace and security. While addressing the UN General Secretary on Wednesday 21st September 2011, President Goodluck Jonathan said that there has been an upsurge of terrorist attacks in some parts of Nigeria over the past few months. According to the president Goodluck,"the increasing use of terrorism in various religions of the world as a form of political action poses serious threat to international peace and security. We must win the war against terrorism because it infringes on the fundamental rights of the people's life and to live in safety". The Activities of Boko Haram as an act of terrorism
Boko Haram has claimed...