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Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC]

The United States Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC] is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, sex, religion, national origin, color, age (40 or older), genetic information or disability.

Discriminating against a person because they have complained about discrimination, participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit, or filed a charge is also illegal. Many employers are covered by EEOC laws if they have at least 15 employees. They must have at least 20 employees to be covered by the age discrimination law. Most employment agencies and labor unions are also covered. The laws apply to all types of work situations such as: promotions, hiring, firing, benefits, harassment, wages, and training.

The EEOC has the authority to investigate charges of discrimination against employers who are covered by the law. They are responsible for investigating fairly and accurately and assess the allegations in the charge then make a finding. If EEOC finds that the employee is guilty of discrimination, they will try to settle the charge. If this isn’t successful, in order to protect the rights of the individuals and the interests of the public they will file a lawsuit. However, lawsuits are not filed in all cases where they have found discrimination. They also work to prevent discrimination before it occurs through outreach, technical assistance, and education programs.

The EEOC provides guidance and leadership to federal agencies on all aspects of the federal government’s equal employment opportunity program. They assure that the federal department and agencies compliance with EEOC regulations, provides technical assistance to federal agencies concerning EEO complaint adjudication, evaluates and monitors federal agencies’ affirmative employment programs, provides assistance and guidance to their Administrative Judges who is responsible for conducting hearings and EEO complaints, develops and distributes federal sector education materials and conducts training for stakeholders, and adjudicates appeals from administrative decisions made by federal agencies on EEO complaints. All of these duties take place in their headquarters offices in Washington, D.C. and through 53 field offices located all over the United States.

Within the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC], there are five presidentially appointed members, including three Commissioners, Chair, and Vice Chair. The Commissioners and Vice Chair are responsible for participating equally in the approval and development of commission policies, authorize the filing suits, and issue charges of discrimination where appropriate. The Chair is responsible for the implementation and administration of policy for the financial management and organizational development of the Commission. In addition to the Commissioners, the President appoints a General Counsel to support the Commission and provide coordination, direction, and supervision to the EEOC’s litigation program.

Remedying the consequences of discrimination is preventing employment discrimination from the workplace before it even starts. EEOC provides training and technical assistance, and education and outreach programs to assist employers, stakeholders, and employees understand and prevent discrimination. EEOC believes that discrimination can be eliminated if federal agencies and individuals know their responsibilities and legal rights.

The EEOC Training Institute offers courses and on-site customer-specific training programs, and seminars. Their trainers are subject experts and have many years of experience, both providing high-quality training and enforcing the laws. Their educational products contain the legal and technical guidance prepared by EEOC’s attorneys, investigators, administrative judges, managers, and policy...
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