Eed111

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 129
  • Published : May 13, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION.
DEPARTMENT OF LANGUEGE AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION UNIT

NAME : MPETEMOYA R.

COMPUTER NUMBER : 12085740.

COURSE CODE : EED 111.

CO-CORDINATOR : MR CHILESHE.

LECTURER : MR CHILESHE.

DUE DATE : 20TH SEPTEMBER 2012.

QUESTION: Explain the three major educational avenues through which the audience of environmental education can be reached? This essay is an attempt to explain the three major educational avenues through which the audience of Environmental Education can be reached, it will start by defining the key concepts which are audience, education as well as environmental education after which the essay will proceed into explaining the above-mentioned subject. Finally the conclusion will be drawn. An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature in which they are called readers, theatre, music, in which they are called listeners or academics in any medium. (Chaim, 1961). Education according to Snelson, (1974) is defined as a condition of human survival. It is a process through which one generation passes experiences, attitudes and ideas to another generation for life’s duties and pleasures. Therefore, from the above definition of education we can understand something educational or an educational avenue as a way of doing something for human survival which is a process through which one generation passes experiences, attitudes and ideas to another generation for life’s duties and pleasures. In this case, the essay seeks to explain the three major educational avenues through which the audience of Environmental Education can be reached. Environmental Education on the other hand is the process of recognizing values and clarifying concepts in order to develop skills and attitude necessary to understand and appreciate the interrelatedness among man, his culture and the biophysical surroundings. (Panneerselvam and Mohana, 1996). Like other studies, Environmental Education has its own audience and it has three major educational avenue namely, formal education, non-formal education and last but not the least informal education. According to Kelly (1999) formal education refers to the hierarchically structured, chronologically graded education system running from primary school through to university or other forms of higher education. This educational avenue includes general academic studies of a variety specialized programmes and institutions of full time technical and professional training. He goes on and defines Non-formal education as any organised education activity outside the formal education system. This education avenue also is aimed at meeting specific needs of particular groups of different people in the community. Finally, he defines Informal education as a lifelong process through which people learn from everyday experiences. This educational avenue provides a chance to learners to learn by imitation or modelling their behaviour on that of their elders, this is done mostly through observation and play. The audience of environmental Education is reached through Formal Education which is one of the three major education avenues that it uses to reach its audience. It is very well known that the school curriculum at the foundation from grades 1- 4 and the middle level from grades 5-7 is overloaded with cross-cutting issues such as democracy and human rights, gender equity, HIV/ AIDS, education for development, reproductive health and many others, as a result of this overload it is not possible to make Environmental Education as a separate subject in the curriculum. However, mounting concern over the rising environmental problems has promoted greater support for an education approach that not only considers immediate environmental...
tracking img