Gough Whitlam was the 26th prime minister, born in Melbourne on the 11th of July 1916, the son of a solicitor who became a leading public servant; his background was abnormal for a Labor man. He joined the party in 1945 as he joined the APL in Sydney. In those days, many of the leading Labor personalities were Irish Catholics from working class background. Whitlam, an intellectual from an intellectual family, had never needed to sweat for his salary in the dust and heat. Whitlam was prime minister of Australia From 1972 till 1975, as he was Pushed aside from being prime minister, by the Governor-General Sir John Kerr at the peak of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis; he is the only Prime Minister to have his commission ended in that manner.
In 1972, Whitlam withdrew troops from Vietnam. Whitlam's government during the post war period was able to establish diplomatic relations with communist countries such as North Korea and North Vietnam. His government was the first western government to recognise communist China and started trade. This is because Whitlam and the Labour Party believed they should try hard to work with their Asian neighbours rather than confront them.
He established new Commonwealth organisations to deal with Aboriginal and Environmental issues. He ended conscription in the Vietnam War and provided free tertiary level education (University). The organisations were the Law Reform Commission, Aboriginal Land Rights Commission, Social Welfare Commissions and an agency for concerning Women's Affairs.
He overlooked the passing of a Commonwealth Bill or legislation, called the "family law act of 1975", which led to the creation of the family court.
He set up the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service and the Australian Heritage commission.
He also passed down much other legislation that includes:
1. The "Prices Justification Act of 1973, commonwealth", which established a committee to overlook...