Educational Research and the Scientific Method

Topics: Scientific method, Quantitative research, Research Pages: 4 (940 words) Published: July 31, 2011
Educational Research and the Scientific Method
Phoenix University
April 12, 2010
Education and the Scientific Method

Research can be defined as any compilation of facts, evidence of data, information and proof of truth for the advancement of knowledge. It can be defined as the pursuit for statistics, figures, numbers or reports or any methodical investigation to establish concrete facts. Research must begin with a clearly defined goal and not be based on assumptions. The information gathered must be reliable and should address a unique issue and be based on a specific goal in mind.

There are many different kinds of research. Scientific research depends heavily on the application of the scientific method, a harnessing of inquisitiveness and interests. This type of research supplies precise methodical and logical information and theories for the explanation of the natural world, its scenery and the environment that surrounds it. It makes matter-of-fact applications more viable and achievable. Funding for scientific research is oftentimes provided by public authorities, private groups and charitable organizations and can sometimes be hard to obtain for certain research projects. There are also many companies that participate in the funding of scientific research in order to obtain tax write offs at the end of the year.

Historical research is the method by which a student of or expert in history writes an account of historical events and uses chronological resources and other evidence, based on the past, to make inquiries. This method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use chronological roots as a starting point. Heading such as external criticism, internal criticism and synthesis are commonly used by historians in their work. This also includes higher criticism and textual criticism.

According to the Introduction to Research article, the four basic steps of a scientific inquiry are:

a. Recognize and...
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