Educational Reforms in Kerala

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Ednl reforms in kerala-1990-2010
A cardinal feature of culture and society in Kerala and of Kerala's political and economic development is the high proportion of literate and educated persons in the population. Literacy - in particular, female literacy - is an essential (and is often regarded as the essential)facilitator of Kerala's achievements in the spheres of health and demographic change. Literacy is a foundational feature of Kerala's political culture, crucial in the creation of public opinion and essential to the consciousness of individual and political rights that is so conspicuous a feature of social and political life in Kerala. The median number of completed years of schooling in Kerala is much higher than in the rest of India, and the difference between male and female achievement in this regard is much narrower than in the rest of India. Literacy and education are, of course, of intrinsic importance, that is, they are important in and of themselves. The experience of Kerala is an excellent example of how literacy and education are also of immense instrumental importance in social development.To take the impact of education in one sphere of social development, health and demographic change, it is clear that education, particularly female education, has a fundamental influence on health and health-seeking behaviour (and on socio-cultural consciousness that influences attitudes to health). There are strong correlations between life expectancy and literacy. The lower infant and child mortality are, the higher is the level of maternal schooling. At given levels of income,schooling increases the ability to improve nutrition; it contributes to the ability to initiate earlier and more effective diagnoses of illness and contributes to hygiene and the prevention of illness. Education also influences the reduction of survivorship differentials between males and females in a society.

The impact of female education on...
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