Human nature is the product of one's environment. Change the environment to change the behavior. Reinforce good behavior, punish bad behavior
Conservation of cultural heritage preserves the wisdom of the achievements of humankind. Behavior evolves within the conditioning influence of the institutional system, tradition is the repository of a collective social intelligence.
Constructivism is an educational methodology which asserts that learners should be taught in a way that allows them to construct their own understandings about a subject. The purpose of the teacher is not to cover material but to help the child "uncover" the facts and ideas in a subject area. Essentialists believe that children should learn traditional basic subjects. (Reading, Writing, Literature, Foreign Languages, History, Math, Science, Art, and Music. ) Generally teaches children progressively, from less complex skills to more complex. Schools should transmit the traditional moral values and intellectual knowledge that students need to become model citizens. Focus is on basic skills.
Existentialism rejects the existence of any source of objective, authoritative truth about metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics. Do not accept any predetermined creed or philosophical system and from that try to define who we are. Aim for the progressing of humanity. Use independent thinking. It engages the student in central questions of defiming life and who we are. Answers imposed from the outside may not be real answers. The only real answers are the ones that come from inside each person, that are authentically his or her own. For the existentialist, there exists no universal form of human nature; each of us has the free will to develop as we see fit.
“Stimulate learners to achieve a more vital and fuller identification with the Absolute Mind or the Macrocosm... Students come into a gradually expanding mental awareness that leads to self-definition based on a comprehensive understanding or perspective of the universe.” (Gutek, p21)
Liberalism focuses on the individual. Ideas come from experience.Sensation and reflection create learning.
Willaim C. Bagley
Marxism promotes socialism, as opposed to capitalism where one class oppresses another. Education is use d to change society.
The child should develop in the natural way s/he is designed, guiding the process
Perennialists believe that one should teach the things of everlasting importance to all people everywhere. They believe that the most important topics develop a person. Philosophy is improtant to study. Studens should learn principles, not facts, teach scientific reasoning, not facts. Teach first about humans, not machines or techniques.. Perennialism focuses first on personal development.
Prepared for ED828 Educational Philosophies and Change
Jean Marrapodi • Capella University • September 2003
Construct new ideas
Back to the Basics
What is real?
Striving for the ideal
Blank slate of
All for all
development of the
“Ideas were to be judged by their consequences when acted on; truth was a warranted assertion, a tentative statement based on the application of hypotheses to solving problems; logic, following the scientific method was experimental; values were...
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