Educational Philosophies Table

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Associate Level Material
Appendix C

Fill in the table below by classifying each philosophy as either teacher-centered or student-centered authority. Next, identify the main characteristics of that philosophy. (The first one is completed for you as an example.) Once you have completed the table, answer the questions below.

Educational Philosophies Table

|Philosophy |Teacher- or Student-Centered |Characteristics | | |Authority | | | | | | |Perennialism |Teacher-centered |Knowledge is enduring, seeks everlasting truths, views | | | |principles of existence as constant or unchanging, values the | | | |ability to reason, associated with idealism | |Progressivism |Student-centered |Ideas should be tested and experimented with. To learn by | | | |questioning, opposes authoritarianiam, Human experience leads to| | | |knowledge. Student involvement activities emphasizes how to | | | |think, not what to think. | |Reconstructionism |Student - centered |Controling and organized institutions based on democratic | | | |ideals. Draws from pragmatism and existentialism. To analyze |...
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