Left Sided Heart Failure
When the left side of the heart is not able to pump enough blood forward the blood will back up into the lungs. This stops the rest of the body from receiving the oxygen its needs because the blood is in the lungs so tiredness and shortness of breath are very common.
Right Sided Heart Failure
When the right side of the heart is not able to pump efficiently. This causes blood to back up in the veins and other parts of the body causing swelling in the body including the legs and feet.
Causes can include heart attacks, heart muscle infections, drinking too much alcohol, high blood pressure and leaking or narrowed heart valves. Symptoms may include a cough with blood -tinged mucus, shortness of breath, tiredness, weakness, irregular or increased heart rate, strong feeling heartbeat and weight gain. Diagnostics can be done by an x-ray of the chest, electrocardiogram (EKG), heart stress test or an ultrasound of the heart. Treatment goals include relieving stress on the heart, lifestyle changes such as stop drinking alcohol, medicine for high blood pressure, and surgery to open blocked heart arteries. (Couzens, 2010)
Causes include left sided heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, heart valve disease and lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms include shortness of breath, congestion, swelling of feet and ankles, urinating frequently at night, pronounced neck veins, irregular and fast heart beat, weakness, tiredness and strong feeling heart beat. Diagnostics can be done by chest x-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG), echocardiogram and several blood tests. Treatment includes treating underlying problems or diseases, reducing salt intake and consumption of fluids, weight control, stop smoking, avoid alcohol and medications such as diuretics or water pills, and other medications to reduce your hearts workload.
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