The Differences of Educational System between Japan and U.S. American and Japanese school structures differ in many different ways. The first, and most significant way, is that Japanese schools incorporate a national curriculum created by the Japanese Ministry of Education. Thus, unlike the educational system in the United States, in which each state determines its own curriculum, the federal government decides on what each school must teach, how to teach it, and even what books to teach it with. A second structural difference between Japanese and American schools is simply the amount days students are in school. Students in Japan spend, "240 days a year at school, 60 days more then their American counterparts" (Johnson 1996). In Japan, the learning is done by rote memorization. The teacher teaches by repeating facts over and over again, and the students spit it back at him. There's no independent thought required. While this means better test scores, it doesn't teach the kids how to think on their own. There's also huge pressure to get into a good university placed on children entering school for the first time. This leads to lots of homework, studying and "cram schools" just so that they can get into a good university. In the US, it's a free for all where the free flowing of ideas means that some people learn, and others don't. The class typically moves at the speed of the slowest students and there’s a dislike of anybody that seems smarter than the others. This also leads to lower test scores, lower standards and kids entering college and University without knowing how to spell or use proper grammar.