Education Under a Stalinist Regime

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Jabari Brown
Alexis Mamaux
History C code
26/1/13

Education under a Stalinist Regime

Education is a force to be reckoned with in terms of making or breaking a country, especially a powerful country, like Russia. After Vladimir Lenin, Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union, died in1924, there were many challenges to succession by the party members, namely Leon Trotsky, Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, and Josef Stalin. Josef Stalin was not seen as a threat, as a result, the other 3 politicians did not see what Stalin was capable of, which ended up in Stalin eliminating them and taking the seat of power for him. Josef Stalin had many plans for Russia. He had many stances and views on many things he saw that, in his opinion, needed changing. These included, but were not limited to feminist ideals, Religious beliefs, or lack thereof, and educational views. In this paper, Stalin’s educational views shall come into question, what were his plans for Russia’s education system, how heavily did he value education, what were it’s results.

“The Soviet state makes no attempt to claim credit for the advancement of truth, knowledge, and art for their own sake. Any effort to interpret those values as of inherent worth or of some significance independent of the needs of the Soviet state is branded as "bourgeois objectivism" or even, in certain cases, treason. The intent of the Soviet regime is not to educate, but to indoctrinate through a culturally totalitarian system of controls which produce, in the words of Stalin, a group of intellectuals who are "engineers of human minds," and for the rest, minds capable of being engineered. In this manner it is intended to create the "new Soviet man.” (Treadgold 1959)

Stalin wanted the USSR to modernize at such a fast rate that it could make up the 50-year gap in 10 years. The industry had to be developed so that the country, which had all along depended mostly on agriculture or farming, had to...
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