Education System in Bangladesh

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Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION

Education is the backbone of sustainable development. Education stimulates and empowers people to participate in their own development. A plan for sustainable development must address the issue of education because it plays a critical role not only in expanding further educational opportunities, but also in fostering basic intellectual abilities such as literacy that are crucial to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. Primary education must receive a great amount of attention in developing nations for this reason.

In Bangladesh the expansion of primary education is crucial, just as it is in other developing nations within South Asia and beyond. Bangladesh’s low literacy rate of 39% is one of the many low development indicators that remind us how far our nation has yet to go in its pursuit of sustainable development. Primary education has been a priority in Bangladeshi politics since independence from Pakistan in 1971: basic measures to implement universal primary education were taken from the outset. However up until recent times, enrollment, as well as government spending on the education sector, has remained very low; little progress was seen in the primary education sector throughout the 1970s and 80s.

Chapter 2
EDUCATIONAL STRUCTURE OF BANGLADESH

THE  PRESENT  EDUCATIONAL  STRUCTURE OF  BANGLADESH |
Age| Grade|   |
26+|   | |
25+| XX|   | Ph. D(Engr)| Ph.D(Medical)|   |
24+| XIX|   |   | Ph. D| PostMBBS Dipl| | |   | Ph. D (Education)|   | 23+| XVIII|   | M.Phil|   | M.Phil(Medical| | | | | | 22+| XVII| MA/MSc/MCom/MSS/MBA| LLM| M  B  B  S BDS| MSc(Engr)| MSc.(Agr)|   | MBA| M.Ed & M A(Edn)| MFA| MA(LSc)|   | 21+| XVI| Bachelor (Hons) | Masters (Prel)| LLB(Hons)| BSc.Eng BSc.Agr BSc.Text BSc.Leath| BSc.Eng | BSc (Tech.Edn)|   | BBA| B.Ed Dip.Ed & BP ED| | Dip.(LSc) | Kami | 20+| XV| | Bachelor (Pass) | | | | | | |   BFA|   | | 19+| XIV| | | | | Diploma (Engineering)| | | | Diploma in Nursing| Fazil| 18+| XIII| | | | | | | | | | |

17+| XII| Secondary | Examination| HSC| | HSC Voc, C in Ag| C in Edu.| Pre-DegreeBFA| Diploma  in Comm| | Alim| 16+| XI| | HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION| | | | | | | | e15+| X| | Examination                             SSC| TRADE Certificate/ SSC Vocational| ARTISAN COURSE e.g. CERAMICS |              Dakhil| 14+| IX| | SECONDARY EDUCATION| | | |

13+| VIII| | JUNIOR SECONDARY EDUCATION| |
12+| VII| | | |
11+| VI| | | |
10+| V| PRIMARY EDUCATION|            Ebtedayee | 9+| IV| | |
8+| III| | |
7+| II| | |
6+| I| | |
5+| PRE-PRIMARY    EDUCATION |
4+| |
3+ | |
 |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |

Chapter 3

NUMBER OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION

There are about 115,000 different types and kinds of General Educational institutions existing in Bangladesh. These can be classified as follows:

1. Primary School: 80,397
2. Secondary School: 18,500
3. College: 3,150
4. Madrasah: 9,214 (Dakhil=6,685+ Alim=1,315 + Fazil=1,039 + Kamil=175) 5. Cadet College: 36
6. University: 56
7. Medical College: 42
8. Dental College: 9
9. Law College: 70
10. Technical-vocational: 2,728
11. Professional: 101
12. Teacher Education: 188

Chapter 4
SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

c

The present education system of Bangladesh may be broadly divided into three major stages, viz. primary, secondary and tertiary education. Primary level institutions impart primary education basically. Junior secondary/secondary and higher secondary level institutions impart secondary education. Degree pass, degree honours, masters and other higher-level institutions or equivalent section of other related institutions impart tertiary education. The education system is...
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