Education in India

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cat150 years of University Education in India : Challenges Ahead Prof. K. Sudha Rao Dr. Mithilesh Kr Singh


Introduction The emergence of a world wide economic order has immense consequences for higher education more so under the changes that have taken place in the recent past with regard to globalization, industrialization, information technology

advancement and its impact on education aided to these are the policy changes that have taken place at the UGC, AICTE, DEC, NCTE, Medical Council, …BOR Council, Architecture Council and such other regulatory bodies from time to time to accommodate these development and yet maintain quality students in higher education. The landscape in general, has changed towards a new order. It is

obvious Centre and state governments and that the institutions and academic and non academic staff need to gear themselves to deal with the challenges posed by those to achieve the slated, and this demands review of beaten track, set notions, comfort, attitudes and work styles. It is time for all those who are concerned with policymaking, planning, administration and implementation of Higher Educations to revitalize the very thinking on the subject and put it on the right track. As is known that the Indian higher education system is not only large but also the most complex one. Keeping these in view, present paper is focused on the following : (i) Higher Education system in India and its growth – both in terms of institutions and enrolment. State-wise distributions ; and descipline-wise

achievements, (ii)

Impact of such a growth on the society and the needed

corrections, (iii) issues related to affordability of students and the needed attention in terms of financial inputs. (iv) The role of regulatory body in this changed present condition, the needed policy changes to face the present day challenges such as the global demand for qualified man power and the role of higher education in training this work force for fulfilling the national and international needs. (v) The role of academic research in fostering innovation in Indian economy has been evaluated, its weaknesses have been outlined and the way forward is suggested in the paper.



Prof. K. Sudha Rao, Vice Chancellor, Karnataka State Open University, Mysore & Member Advisory Board, Apeejay Stya Education Research Foundation Dr. Mithilesh Kr Singh, Sr. Research Fellow, Apeejay Stya Education Research Foundation, Delhi 1

Along with these an attempt have been made to analyse and discuss other important and contemporary issues related to governance, academics, profession, use of ICT in teaching-learning and policy research. Hence an attempt has been made to looks at higher education in India in a holistic manner. The Silent History Speaks Loud Education in India has always been valued more than mere considering it as a means towards earning a good living. Right from pre-historic days, Education,

specially higher education has been given a predominant position in the Indian society. Ancient India considered knowledge as the third eye that gives insight into all affairs. Education was available in Gurukulas, Agrahars, Viharas and Madarasas, throughout the country. The great universities flourished in India when most of the western world was groping in the dark. Those were the halcyon days when India led the world in scientific knowledge and philosophical speculations. Great scholar Max Muller has narrated in his own words : “If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions to some of them which well deserve the attention of even those who have studied Plato and Kant, I should point to India”. Though the glimpses of the original Indian education is still felt yet what it is today is the mix and match version of different rules. The impact of colonial rule on India has or made the education...
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