According to the the journal published by the Institute of Education, at Yale University, education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense, education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another. Many people agree that formal education has its roots in ancient Greece with Socrates, and then past to other civilizations, others credit Roma. It is not our intention to say who land may be considered the motherland of education, but to answer questions such as: How was education in ancient times? What is the impact ancient civilizations have had in modern education? What contribution did they make to education in our days?
Ancient Greek education. The goal of education in the Greek city-states was to prepare children for adult activities as a citizen. Greece was divided in city-states and two of them developed a high level in education: Sparta and Athens. The nature of the city-states varied greatly, and this was also true of the education they considered appropriate. Both daily life and education were very different in Sparta and Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states. Sparta. The goal of education in Sparta, an authoritarian, military city-state, was to produce soldier-citizens. “The purpose of education was to produce a well-drilled, well-disciplined marching army. Spartans believed in a life of discipline, self-denial, and simplicity. Spartans were educated to be fierce warriors, Spartan military force was regarded as terrifying.” Bennet, Allan (2006, page.135) Athens. On the other hand, the goal of education in Athens, a democratic city-state, was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both, peace and war. Spartans and Athenians had school to train children for them to become citizens, they were trained separately, boys were...
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