Education in Afghanistan
Before the Taliban
Public education is relatively recent concept in Afghanistan. It wasn't until 1969 that the Afghan government legislated free, mandatory education for children between the ages of 7 and 15. Before 1969, schools existed, but whether or not a child attended school was completely up to his or her family. Some families thought that education was important and made sacrifices to secure their children’s education However, the provision of schools, teachers, and books lagged far behind the legislation.
Education when the Taliban Ruled over Afghanistan
When the Taliban were in control:
Secular education did not exist.
Girls and women were forbidden to learn.
Even for men, the curriculum was highly dominated by religious studies instead of science, technology, literature, etc. Parents who wanted their children educated had to arrange for private tutoring in informal groups at home
Girls' Education in Afghanistan
It takes more than textbooks and pencils to be a school girl in Afghanistan – it also takes tremendous bravery and persistence Afghan girls are theoretically free to attend school. But they are cut off at almost every turn by vicious militant attacks Teachers and parents are reluctant to break from the tradition that says “girls belong at home” In 2008 alone, there were 283 violent attacks on schools, resulting in 92 dead and 169 injured. Despite the obstacles and threats, Afghan girls are hungrier than ever for education
Education today in Afghanistan
Education has greatly improved since the Taliban were overthrown in late 2001. However, a lot of improvements still need to be done for Afghanistan to have what modern nations have for their citizens today. As of 2013, more than 10 million male and female students were enrolled in schools throughout Afghanistan. However, there are still significant obstacles to education within the country due to lack of funding, unsafe school buildings, and cultural...
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