Education and Teacher

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The good teacher is more than a lecturer - the twelve roles of the teacher

The good teacher is more than a lecturer – the twelve roles of the teacher AMEE Medical Education Guide No 20

This AMEE Education Guide was first published in Medical Teacher: Harden R M and Crosby J R (2000). AMEE Education Guide No 20: The good teacher is more than a lecturer – the twelve roles of the teacher. Medical Teacher 22(4): 334-347.

The Authors
R M Harden is Director of the Centre for Medical Education and Teaching Dean in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing at the University of Dundee. He is also Director of the Education Development Unit (Scottish Council for Postgraduate Medical & Dental Education), Dundee, UK Joy Crosby is Lecturer in Medical Education in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, University of Dundee, UK

Guide Series Editor: Pat Lilley Desktop Publishing: Lynn Bell © AMEE 2000 Copies of this guide are available from: AMEE, Centre for Medical Education, University of Dundee, 484 Perth Road, Dundee DD2 1LR, Scotland, UK. Tel: +44 (0)1382 631953 Fax: +44 (0)1382 645748 E-mail: amee@dundee.ac.uk -1 -

The good teacher is more than a lecturer - the twelve roles of the teacher

Contents
Page

Summary

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3 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 16 17 17

The teacher and changes in medical education
Changes in medical education .. An increased emphasis on the student The changing role of the teacher The good teacher .. .. The roles of the teacher .. .. .. .. .. ..

Identification of the roles of the teacher .. The twelve roles .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The information provider The lecturer .. The role model ..

.. .. The clinical or practical teacher ..
The on-the-job role model The role model as a teacher

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The facilitator

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The learning facilitator The mentor ..

The assessor

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The student assessor The curriculum assessor

The planner

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The curriculum planner The course planner ..

The resource developer
The resource material creator The study guide producer

Discussion

.. .. The 12 roles models as a framework Interconnection of roles .. The teachers’ role portfolio .. Meeting the curriculum needs .. Staff development .. .. The culture of good teaching practice Uses of the teachers role framework Other roles for the teacher .. .. ..

References

The good teacher is more than a lecturer - the twelve roles of the teacher

Summary
Teaching is demanding and complex task. This guide looks at teaching and what it involves. Implicit in the widely accepted and far-reaching changes in medical education is a changing role for the medical teacher. Twelve roles have been identified and these can be grouped in six areas in the model presented: 1 The information provider in the lecture, and in the clinical context 2 The role model on-the-job, and in more formal teaching settings 3 The facilitator as a mentor and learning facilitator 4 The student assessor and curriculum evaluator 5 The curriculum and course planner, and 6 The resource material creator, and study guide producer. As presented in the model, some roles require more medical expertise and others more educational expertise. Some roles have more direct face-to-face contact with students and others less. The roles are presented in a ‘competing values’ framework –...
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