Education and Society

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Abstract
Different ways of learning, exceptional and gifted and talented learners, student diversity, financing and governing American schools, student life in school and at home, curriculum standards and testing, and today's classroom all affect teachers, schools and society. To further explore these effects, each of these issues will be briefly described, with an explanation of the reason each poses a concern. The implications for improving each issues will also be presented. Teachers, Schools and Society

Introduction:
Different ways of learning, exceptional and gifted and talented learners, student diversity, financing and governing American schools, student life in school and at home, curriculum standards and testing, and today's classroom all affect teachers, schools and society. To further explore these effects, each of these issues will be briefly described, with an explanation of the reason each poses a concern. The implications for improving each issues will also be presented. Different Ways of Learning:

The multiple intelligences theory states that there are eight different ways individuals perceive and understand the world, solve problems and learn. These include: verbal/linguistic learners, logical/mathematical learners, visual/spatial learners, bodily/kinesthetic learners, musical/rhythmic learners, interpersonal learners, intrapersonal learners, and naturalist learners (Bakic-Miric, 2010). Oftentimes, students are a variety of these learning types, making each student's learning style unique to the individual.

Verbal learners respond to the meaning of words. Logical learners learn most effectively with step-by-step directions. Visual learners need visual stimulation to learn most effectively. Bodily learners benefit from physical movement and activity when learning. Music and songs can facilitate learning for musical learners. Interpersonal are social learners who perform well in groups. Intrapersonal learners, in contrast, learn best when studying independently. Lastly, naturalist learners can use the patterns of nature to better learn new material. This understanding that there are different ways of learning means there isn't one system of teaching that fits all students.

By fully understanding that the learning styles of each student are unique, improvments can be made in the ways materials are taught. Instead of simply providing step-by-step instructions for logical learners, or showing examples on a board for visual learners, a variety of methods can be used for the same lesson. Activities that involve physical activity or rhymes can be incorporated in these more traditional methods of teaching, to facilitate a wider variety of learners and reiterate lessons to students who are more traditional learners. Exceptional and Gifted and Talented Learners:

Exceptional and gifted and talented learners are typically identified by three types of characteristics: their general behavior, their ability to learn and their creative characteristics. Many gifted students have a talent for reading and have large vocabularies. They often learn basic skills more quickly than their peers and have an ability to conceive abstract ideas. Gifted children are often intuitive, having an innate ability to pick up on non-verbal cues from others. These students often have a love for learning, with a willingness to try new things and are highly inquisitive. Gifted learners are more likely to see cause-effect relationships than their peers, as well as understand the principles that underlie a situation. A student may be gifted in one subject or across multiple subjects.

Koshy, Ernest and Casey (2009) note that for decades there has been a growing understanding that there are special educational needs of gifted students. In the past, it was mistakenly believed that able students can take care of themselves. More recently, it has been understood that gifted students have a lot to offer future society, and therefore should...
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