Traditional Points of View:
Curriculum is a body of subjects or subject matter prepared by the teachers for the students to learn. A "course of study" and "syllabus." It is a field of study. It is made up of its foundations (philosophical, historical, psychological and social foundations; domains, of knowledge as well as its research and principles. (Give other views of curriculum as expounded by Robert M. Hutchins, Joseph Schwab and Arthur Bestor) Progressive Points of View:
Curriculum is the total learning experiences of the individual. This is anchored on John Dewey's definition of experience and education. He believed that reflective thinking is a means that unifies curricular elements. Thought is not derived from action but tested by application. (Give other views of curriculum like that of Caswell and Campbell as well as Marsh and Willis) Source: Curriculum Development by Purita P. Bilbao, et. al , Lorimar Pub., 2008) 2.) Types of Curriculum Operating in Schools
Allan Glatthorn (2000) describes seven types of curriculum operating in the schools: 1. recommended curriculum - proposed by scholars and professional organizations 2. written curriculum - appears in school, district, division or country documents 3. taught curriculum - what teachers implement or deliver in the classroom and schools 4. supported curriculum - resources-textbooks, computers, audio-visual materials which support and help in the implementation of the curriculum
5. assessed curriculum - that which is tested and evaluated 6. learned curriculum - what the students actually learn and what is measured 7. hidden curriculum - the unintended curriculum
(Activity: Visit a school of your choice. Observe and interview the appropriate persons (teachers, students, principals)and identify the existence of the different...