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A Human Rights-Based Approach to

EDUCATION FOR ALL

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education © United Nations Children’s Fund/ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2007

United Nations Children’s Fund 3 United Nations Plaza New York, NY 10017, USA pubdoc@unicef.org www.unicef.org United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 7, place de Fontenoy 75352 Paris 07 SP France , bpi@unesco.org www.unesco.org Cover photo: A girl reads outdoors at her school in Kingston, Jamaica © UNICEF/HQ05-0916/Shehzad Noorani Sales number: E.08.XX.2 ISBN: 978-92-806-4188-2 Price: $20.00 Permission to reproduce any part of this publication is required. Permission will be freely granted to educational or non-profit organizations. Others will be requested to pay a small fee. Please contact the Editorial, Design and Publications Section, Division of Communication, UNICEF New York (address above) Tel: 212-326-7434 Fax: 212-303-7985 Email: nyhqdoc.permit@unicef.org

A Human Rights-Based Approach to

EDUCATION FOR ALL
A framework for the realization of children’s right to education and rights within education

Contents

iii

CONTENTS
Preface and acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii My right to learn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1: Human rights and education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Education as a human right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Human rights-based approaches to development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The principles that inform a rights-based approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Adopting a rights-based approach to education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Applying a rights-based approach to policy and programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Situation assessment and analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Assessing capacity for implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Programme planning, design and implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Monitoring and evaluation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Addressing tensions in fulfilling the right to education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Reconciling conflicting agendas for education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Balancing rights and responsibilities of children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Tensions in the implementation of a rights-based approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Chapter 2: A rights-based conceptual framework for education . . . . . . . . . 27 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 1. The right of access to education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Education throughout all stages of childhood and beyond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Availability and accessibility of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Equality of opportunity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2. The right to quality education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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