Education

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Deep Patel
WRIT 1301-141, Weaver Research Paper
Date Due: 5th April Pate0890@umn.edu
Introduction
Higher education is critical in a developed economy. In most developed countries, education is considered a basic right. Hence the costs of higher education is highly subsidized by governments. This results in a significantly reduced number of students that need to work to pay for their education. The United states is one of the few counties, developed or otherwise, where the almost all the burden of paying for higher education is put on the student. This has certain interesting consequences. One of them is the relatively large proportion of college students working. The increase in tuition in the past decade have cause this to increase even further. In “For Many College Students, A Job (or Two) to Pay Tuition”, an article in the New York Times, DAVID KOEPPEL found that every year, more students were looking for an campus jobs. New York University employed 2000 more students in 2003 compared with previous years. The percentage of college students working has been growing since the 1906s (Stern and Nakata, 1). How this affects students and whether or not students should work therefore have become increasingly important questions. 

Should undergraduate students enrolled in college full time work? Whether or not undergraduate students enrolled in college full time, should work, depends on a variety of factors. Whether a student should work depends mainly on the student’s ability to work without getting too stressed out and adversely affecting grades and other activities. A students ability to work depends on factors that include the student’s field of study, time management skills, course load, type of college and availability of loans amongst other things. There are also several factors that can influence whether a student should work which are not dependent on a student’s ability to work, for instance, wages, social and economic background, etc. In order to study its effects and suitability, it is important to know why college students work. Contrary to popular belief “upper-income students are just as likely to work as their lower-income peers.” (“WORKING THEIR WAY THROUGH COLLEGE”). their motivations to work, however, are different. Lower income students are more likely to work for paying for living expenses than higher income students (“WORKING THEIR WAY THROUGH COLLEGE”). These students are more likely to work longer hours and hence more likely to hurt performance in school. In their research paper “At what cost?”, Tracy King and Ellynne Bannon found that higher work hours leads to an increasing negative effect on a student’s performance. A student’s field of study directly affects the amount of time a student has available for work. Certain majors have a disproportionate number of students considering graduate school. This is usually because even entry level jobs in the those fields require a masters degree. Biomedical Engineering is an example of a field in which a large number of undergraduate students plan to apply for graduate. Hence, they are more concerned about their GPA than students who do not intent to go to graduate school. This results in increased competition in classes primarily taken by Biomedical Engineering majors making it harder for them to get a grade the otherwise could have got with lesser effort. Other majors inherently require more effort on the part of the students. For our purposes, what majors require more effort is irrelevant, but It can be argued that it is highly unlikely that all majors require identical amounts of effort on part of the student. Students enrolled in majors that require a higher time commitment are less likely to be able to work without stressing out too much and adversely affecting grades and other activities. Another factor that affects a student’s time commitment towards studies is the student’s future plans. Students that intent to go on to medical school, dental...
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