April 15, 2012
Educating the Exceptional Learner
An observation was completed on a 2nd grade student who has two different types of visual disorders. The first disorder is dyslexia and the second disorder is a visual disorder which requires the use of an overhead projector with instructions being written in fluorescent colors. The observation was a math activity which involved counting, identification of colors, simple addition, and graphing Student Strengths
The student observed was a young boy in the 2nd grade. This young man actually had a couple of different disorders, one being dyslexia and the other was a different type of visual disorder. Due to this young man’s disorders it appeared as if he was more of a hands - on type of learner (kinesthetic). He appeared strong in the areas of science and social studies and distributed weaknesses in math, reading, and writing. Lesson Plan
The lesson plan was planned for teaching math skills which included sorting, graphing, and various addition problems. The student was given a bag of skittles, a graphing worksheet, and a sorting worksheet. Step by step instruction was given. The following is how it was explained to the student. First you will open your bag of skittles. The teacher then asked if he had it open and then she proceeded by instructing him to sort all the candies by color. She also instructed him not to eat any of them. Once he was done sorting she advised him of his errors and corrected them. She then demonstrated what she wanted done of the sorting sheet and the graphing sheet. After he completed both worksheets he was instructed on simple addition of blue candies plus yellow candies, etc. Accommodation/Lesson Plan
Lesson: Candy Math
Teacher: Mrs. Carnes
Grade Level: Second
Time: 40- 45 minutes
Materials: Small bag of Skittles, multi-colored, sorting/graphing worksheet, question and answer worksheet pencils, and scissors.
Objectives: The student will use scissors for cutting skittles open. The student will sort Skittles by color. He will also complete various addition using the skittles provided and complete the sorting/graphing worksheet. He will also compare and contrast the amounts of candy of each color.
Introduction: The student will use the scissors provided to open the skittles. He was then advised to choose one he would like to eat and then he will need to wait until the end of the activity before he can eat the remaining candies. The student was given a sorting/graphing worksheet and a question sheet. I then explained that he needed to sort all the candies by color, putting all of the green candies together, the blue together, the yellow together and so on. Procedure: I role modeled or demonstrated what I wanted him to do before advising him to open the bag of skittles. He opened his bag of candy and began sorting the candies by individual colors. He had to be reminded to wait until the end of the activity before he could eat any more of the candies. After the sorting was completed he was advised to color the graphing sheet per number of candies in each color. Once he was done with the sorting we completed some simple math problems such as 1 blue candy plus 3 yellow candies equal how many total candies. He then answered the simple question problems such as how many yellow candies do you have, how many red and yellow candies do you have, etc.
Closure/Modifications: Once he had completed the assignment he was able to eat his skittles. The modifications for this include focusing on counting, focusing on color identification, graphing, simple addition of single numbers, and accepting teacher assistance for proper recording on graphs and answer sheets.
Assessment: The worksheets and graph was collected to see if he had properly completed the questions and answers worksheet and if the correct number of colors was marked on the graphs when sorting.